Livingston Farrand : biography
Livingston Farrand, M.D., LL.D. (June 14, 1867 – November 8, 1939) was an American physician, anthropologist, psychologist, public health advocate and academic administrator.
Livingston was the brother of Max Farrand, the Professor of History at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California and at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut; the first Director of the new Huntington Library, after the death of philanthropist and patron Henry E. Huntington, located in San Marino near Pasadena, California; and author. His brother's wife was the renowned landscape architect Beatrix Farrand of Reef Point Estate.
Born in Newark, New Jersey, Farrand received in undergraduate degree from Princeton in 1888, and went on to the Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons where he earned his M.D. in 1891. He attended the universities of Cambridge and Berlin. After graduating in 1893, he went on to serve as adjunct Professor of psychology at Columbia and after joining Franz Boas on expeditions to the Pacific Northwest (notably, the Jesup North Pacific Expedition) he became a full professor of anthropology in 1903, where he served until 1914.
He became executive secretary of the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis in 1905 and then in 1914 became president of the University of Colorado, and held that position until 1919. From 1912 to 1914, he was treasurer of the American Public Health Association, during the same period editing the American Journal of Public Health. During World War I he was director in France of the International Health Board, 1917-19. His public health work led to his appointment as Chairman the Central Committee of the American Red Cross and he worked to fight tuberculosis for the Rockefeller Foundation in France in 1917.
In 1921, he became the fourth president of Cornell University. Under his leadership, Cornell's enrollment and endowment increased rapidly. He also expanded Cornell-in-China with the University of Nanking and in 1931 saw the arrival in Ithaca of students from the Soviet Union. The unified College of Engineering was created as was the College of Home Economics.
He contributed many articles to psychological and anthropological publications; his articles treat principally of the anthropology of American Indians. In 1904, he wrote Basis of American History.
In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine