Leopold II, Margrave of Austria : biography
Leopold II ( 1050 – 12 October, 1095), known as Leopold the Fair (), was the Margrave of Austria from 1075 to his death in 1095. He was a member of the House of Babenberg.Lingelbach 1913, p. 90.
Leopold the Fair was born in 1050, the son of Ernest and Adelaide of Eilenburg, the daughter of Dedi I, Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark.
In the Investiture Dispute, he first sided with Emperor Henry IV, but in 1081 at the Diet of Tulln switched sides under the influence of his wife Ida and Bishop Altmann of Passau. Subsequently, he was deposed by the Emperor, who gave the fief to Vratislav II of Bohemia, who defeated Leopold in the Battle of Mailberg. Ultimately, Leopold managed to retain his position, but he lost some territory in Southern Moravia. Leopold resided in Gars am Kamp.
In 1089 Leopold helped pay for the construction of Melk Abbey in eastern Austria by donating the land for the new Abbey. A few miles away from Melk Abbey, in eastern Austria, are the ruins of Thunau a Kamp castle, once a summer residence of Leopold.
In 1065 Leopold married Ida, countess of Cham (1060–1101), in Cham, Oberpfalz, Bavaria. Ida was the daughter of Rapoto IV and Mathilde. Ida is said to have died during the crusade of 1101.
The two had a son, Leopold III, as well as six daughters who married Dukes and Counts from Carinthia, Bohemia and Germany.
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