Leon Sapieha : biography
Leon Sapieha (1803–1878) was a Polish noble (szlachcic), politician and statesman.
Leon was born and educated in Warsaw, and studied law and economic in Paris and Edinburgh from 1820 to 1824. He began to work in the administration in the Polish (Congress) Kingdom. After the outbreak of the November Uprising in 1830, he left Poland and took part in diplomatic missions of the Polish "National Government" in France and Great Britain. After that, he returned and participated in the Uprising in the rank of an Artillery Captain, among others in the defend of Warsaw on September 6/7. He was awarded for that the Virtuti Militari Order. After the collapse of the Uprising he settled in the Austrian occupied part of Poland. In 1835 Russian authorities confiscated his estates in Congress Poland as punishment for his participation in the failed Uprising.
He was member of "National movement" circles and hold contacts with the "Hotel Lambert". He became member of the National Sejm (Diet of Galicia) in the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia, member of the Austrian Council of the State and member of the imperial Herrenhaus in 1861. In 1863 he didn't participate in the January Uprising in Russian-occupied Poland, but contributed towards it financially. From 1861 until 1875 he served as Sejm Marshal. In 1875 he retired from political life.
During his career as he devoted much energy to agitating for the development of railways in Galicia, believing this to be central to the development of the region and the lives of its mostly Polish inhabitants. In 1858 after years of struggling to secure support in Vienna for his plans he was able to initiate the construction of the Carl Ludwig railway line connecting the railhead at Kraków with Lwow and Brody and linking Galicia with the rest of Europe.Ralf Roth, Günter Dinhobl. 'Across the borders: Financing the world's railways in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.' Ashgate, 2008. p.53
In 1869 the city of Stanislawow (Ivano-Frankivsk) named its street after him, ulica Sapiezinskego (today - Independence Street), which carried its name until the start of World War II.
Prince Leon Sapieha is :
- Prince Władysław Leon Sapieha-Kodenski 's grandfather
- Prince Adam Zygmunt Sapieha-Kodenski's great-grandfather
- Princess Zofia Sapieha-Kodenska's great-great-grandfather
- hence, Princess Mathilde, Duchess of Brabant's 6th-generation ancestor
In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine