Lee Ross : biography
Lee D. Ross is the Stanford Federal Credit Union Professor of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University,, Stanford News Service and an influential social psychologist who has studied attribution theory, attributional biases, decision making and conflict resolution, often with longtime collaborator Mark Lepper. Ross is known for his investigations of the fundamental attribution error, and for identifications and analyses of such psychological phenomena as attitude polarization, reactive devaluation, belief perseverance, the false consensus effect, naive realism, and the hostile media effect. Instead of limiting his research to a laboratory, Ross had a wide variety of interest in global issues such as climate change and the legal system. Sandeep Ravindran, "Profile of Lee D. Ross"], "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America", January 30, 2012
Ross earned his Ph.D. in social psychology at Columbia University in 1969 under the supervision of Stanley Schachter.
Ross first coined the term "fundamental attribution error" to describe the finding that people are predisposed towards attributing another person's behavior to individual characteristics and attitudes, even when it is relatively clear that the person's behavior was a result of situational demands (Ross, 1977; note that this effect is identical with the "correspondence bias" identified in Jones & Davis, 1965). With Robert Vallone and Mark Lepper he authored the first study to describe the hostile media effect. He has also collaborated with Richard Nisbett in books on human judgment (Nisbett & Ross, 1980) and the relation between social situations and personality (i.e. "the person and the situation"; Ross & Nisbett, 1991). He is the coauthor (with Richard Nisbett) of the books "Human Inference" and "The Person and Situation" as well as nearly 100 journal articles and book chapters. http://lee.ross.socialpsychology.org/ "The Person and the Situation: Perspectives of Social Psychology" considers the way we make judgements, the way we stress in particular errors and different biases of human behavior. It was one of the most significant books on social inference in 1980.The Person and the Situation: Perspectives of Social Psychology. by Lee Ross; Richard E. Nisbett Review by: Judith A. Howard
Professor Ross found a number of provocative phenomena, including "belief perseverance," the "false consensus effect," the "hostile media effect," "reactive devaluation," and "naïve realism," which are in standard textbooks today.http://www.psychologicalscience.org/awards/james/citations/ross.cfm Ross prefers to take an experimental approach in his research. He does not like to be limited in his laboratories ,but rather,he studies real life scenarios in order to yield valuable information about people's behaviours.
He has also done and applied work related to global warming, social security choices, health care, women in science and the academic challenges faced by minority students. He also participated in public peace processes and "second-track" diplomacy in Northern Ireland, the Caucuses and the Middle East. http://lee.ross.socialpsychology.org/
His primary interests include Attitudes and Beliefs, Causal Attribution, Intergroup Relations, Judgment and Decision Making, Persuasion, Social Influence, Political Psychology, and Social Cognition http://lee.ross.socialpsychology.org/research
Lee Ross was interested in many fields of psychology, his primary interests and areas of research include; attitudes and beliefs, causal attribution, inter-group relations, judgment and decision Making, persuasion, social Influence, political psychology, social cognition. His research focuses on biases in decision making, judgement, human inference. More importantly on the motivational, cognitive and perceptual biases that disable people in implementing peace agreements and lead them to misinterpret each other's behaviours which create certain barriers in resolving disputes. http://lee.ross.socialpsychology.org/ The barriers to dispute resolution and to implement peace in his work. http://lee.ross.socialpsychology.org/ Recently (2012) Ross has performed research on conﬂict and peace proceedings to determine how social psychology can reveal the factors that prevent opposing parties from reaching an agreement. With an interdisciplinary group of researchers, Ross has helped found the Stanford Center on International Conﬂict and Negotiation (SCICN). Lee Ross early work explored how an individual behaved when confronted with information, he finally found out what happens when people interact with the bias and worldviews. He believes that "Each person has to believe that their view of reality is how it really is, and conflicts arise when people have different views." http://www.pnas.org.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/content/109/19/7132.full
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