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Konstantin Rokossovsky : biography

21 December 1896 - 03 August 1968

Konstantin Rokossovsky ( ; December 9 (December 21) 1896 – August 3, 1968) was a Soviet officer of Polish origin who became a Marshal of the Soviet Union, a Marshal of Poland and served as Poland's Defence Minister. He was among the most prominent Red Army commanders of World War II, especially renowned for his planning and executing of Operation Bagration, one of the most decisive Red Army successes of the War.

Honours and awards

Russian Empire
  • Cross of St. George, 4th class
  • Medal of St. George, 2nd, 3rd and 4th classes
Soviet Union
  • Order of Victory (№ 6 - 3/30/1945)
  • "Gold Star" Hero of the Soviet Union, twice (29 July 1944, 1 June 1945)
  • Seven Orders of Lenin (16 August 1936, 2 January 1942, 29 July 1944, 21 February 1945, 26 December 1946, 20 December 1956, 20 December 1966)
  • Order of the October Revolution (22 February 1968)
  • Order of the Red Banner, six times (23 May 1920, 2 December 1921, 22 February 1930, 22 July 1941, 3 November 1944, 6 November 1947)
  • Order of Suvorov, 1st class (28 January 1943)
  • Order of Kutuzov, 1st class (27 August 1943)
  • Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army" (22 February 1938)
  • Medal "For the Defence of Stalingrad" (22 December 1942)
  • Medal "For the Defence of Moscow" (1 May 1944)
  • Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" (9 May 1945)
  • Medal "For the Capture of Königsberg" (9 June 1945)
  • Medal "For the Capture of Berlin" (9 June 1945)
  • Medal "For the Liberation of Warsaw" (9 June 1945)
  • Jubilee Medal "30 Years of the Soviet Army and Navy" (22 February 1948)
  • Jubilee Medal "40 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" (18 December 1957)
  • Medal "For the Defence of Kiev" (21 June 1961)
  • Jubilee Medal "Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945" (7 May 1965)
  • Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" (26 December 1967)
  • Medal "In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of Moscow"
  • Honorary weapon with gold National Emblem of the USSR (1968)
Polish awards
  • Order of the Builders of People's Poland (1951)
  • Grand Cross of the Virtuti Militari (1945)
  • Cross of Grunwald, 1st class (1945)
  • Medal "for Warsaw 1939-1945" (17 March 1946)
  • Medal "For the Oder, Neisse, and the Baltic Sea" (17 March 1946)
  • Medal of Victory and Freedom 1945 (1946)
Foreign Awards
  • Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour (France, 9 June 1945)
  • Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (France, 1945)
  • Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (UK, 1945)
  • Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit (USA, 1946)
  • Order of the Red Banner (Mongolia, 1943)
  • Order of Sukhbaatar (Mongolia, 18 March 1961)
  • Order of Friendship (Mongolia, 12/10/1967)
  • Medal "For Freedom" (Denmark, 1947)
  • Medal "For Service to the Army of China" (China, 1956)

Biography

Rokossovsky was born in Warsaw, then part of the Russian Empire. His family had moved to Warsaw with the appointment of his father as the inspector of the Warsaw Railways. The Rokossovsky family was a member of the Polish nobility, and over generations had produced many cavalry officers. However, Konstantin's father, Ksawery Wojciech Rokossowski, was a railway official in Russia and his Russian mother was a teacher. site dedicated to Rokossovsky Orphaned at 14, Rokossovsky earned a living by working in a stocking factory, and some time later he became an apprentice stonemason. Much later in his life, the government of People's Republic of Poland used this fact for propaganda, claiming that Rokossovsky had helped to build Warsaw's Poniatowski Bridge. Rokossovsky's patronymic Ksaverovich was Russified on his enlistment into the Russian Army at the start of the First World War to Konstantinovich, which would be easier to pronounce in the 5th Kargopol Dragoon Regiment where he volunteered to serve.

Living octopus

Living octopus

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