Keōpūolani bigraphy, stories - Queen consort of Hawaiʻi and the highest ranking wife of King Kamehameha I

Keōpūolani : biography

1778 - September 16, 1823

Kalanikauikaalaneo Kai Keōpūolani-Ahu-i-Kekai-Makuahine-a-Kama-Kalani-Kau-i-Kealaneo (1778–1823) was a queen consort of Hawaii and the highest ranking wife of King Kamehameha I.

Early life

Keōpuolani was born around 1778 at an area known as Pahoehoe of Pāpōhaku, near present-day Wailuku, on the island of Maui. She was known as Kalanikauikaalaneo in her early childhood. Her name means "Gathering of the Clouds of Heaven".

Her father was Kīwalaʻō, King of Hawaii island. He was the son of King Kalaniʻōpuʻu of Hawaii island who was meeting Captain James Cook about this time at Kealakekua Bay.

Her mother was Queen Kekuiapoiwa Liliha, half-sister of Kamehameha I. Their father was Keōuakupuapāikalani.

Kiwalaō and Kekuiapoiwa Liliha were half-siblings through their shared mother, High Chiefess Kalola-Pupuka-Honokawahilani of Maui; for further information, see her Ancestry and Rank section below.

As a child, Keōpuolani lived for a while in Hāna (the eastern tip of Maui), then moved back to the Wailuku area.

Battle of Kepaniwai

In 1790, while Keōpuolani was 11, Kamehameha attacked the island of Maui at the Battle of Kepaniwai while her great-uncle King Kahekili II was away on the island Oahu. When Maui forces under Kalanikupule lost to Kamehameha, Kalola along with her two daughters, many Maui chiefesses and Keōpuolani tried to flee to Oahu. They stopped in Molokai as sickness overcame the elderly Kalola, and were caught by Kamehameha's forces. Kalola offered her granddaughter as a future bride and the recognition of Kamehameha as the ruler of Maui in exchange for peace. Other Maui chiefesses also joined Kamehameha's court.

She was given the name Wahinepio (captive women) around this time, but this name is usually associated with another chiefess. She was commonly known as Keōpuolani.

Illness

Keōpūolani became ill, and worsened the last week of August, 1823. Many chiefs began to assemble to pay their respects to the Queen. Vessels were dispatched for them to different parts of the Islands, and one was sent by the king to Honolulu for Dr. Blatchley. In the evening of September 8, sensing that she was dying, a messenger summoned the mission families to her house.

She extended her hand to them with a smile, and said "Maikai! — "Good," — and added, "Great is my love to God." In the morning she was a little better, and conversed with her husband Hoapili.

To the prime minister, Kalanimoku, on his arrival, she is quoted by the missionaries: "I love Jesus Christ. I have given myself to him to be his. When I die, let none of the evil customs of this country be practiced. Let not my body be disturbed. Let it be put in a coffin. Let the teachers attend, and speak to the people at my interment. Let me be buried, and let my burial be after the manner of Christ's people. I think very much of my grandfather, Kalaniopuu, and my father Kiwalao, and my husband Kamehameha, and all my deceased relatives. They lived not to see these good times, and to hear of Jesus Christ. They died depending on false gods. I exceedingly mourn and lament on account of them, for they saw not these good times."

Baptism and death

Keōpūolani wanted to receive Christian baptism. The missionaries in Lahaina, Charles Stewart and William Richards, agreed it would be appropriate. However, they wanted a spokesman fluent in the Hawaiian language so the implications of the public ceremony would be clearly understood. |3= 3. Kekuiapoiwa Liliha |4= 4. Kalaniōpuu of Hawaii |5= 5. Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani of Maui (=#7) |6= 6. High Chief Keoua Kalanikupuapaikalaninui |7= 7. Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani (=#5) |8= 8. Kalaninuiamamao, High Chief of Kauu |9= 9. Kamakaimoku (=#13) |10= 10. King Kekaulike of Maui (=#14) |11= 11. Princess Kekuiapoiwa of Maui (=#15) |12= 12. Prince Keeaumoku, High Chief of Kona and Kohala |13= 13. Kamakaimoku (=#9) |14= 14. Kekaulike (=#10) |15= 15. Kekuiapoiwa of Maui (=#11) |16= 16. Keaweʻīkekahialiʻiokamokuof Hawaii (=#24) |17= 17. High Chiefess Lonomaaikanaka |18= 18. High Chief Ku-a-Nuuanau (=#26) |19= 19. High Chiefess Umiula-a-Kaahumanu (=#27) |20= 20. Kaulahea II of Maui (=#22, 28, 30) |21= 21. High Chiefess Papaikaniau Lonoikaniau (=#29) |22= 22. Kaulahea II of Maui (=#20, 28, 30) |23= 23. Princess Kalanikauleleaiwi (=#25, 31) |24= 24. Keaweʻīkekahialiʻiokamoku of Hawaii (=#16) |25= 25. Kalanikauleleaiwi (=#23, 31) |26= 26. High Chief Ku-a-Nuuanau (=#18) |27= 27. High Chiefess Umiula-a-Kaahumanu (=#19) |28= 28. Kaulahea II of Maui (=#20, 22, 30) |29= 29. Papaikaniau Lonoikaniau (=#21) |30= 30. Kaulahea II (=#20, 22, 28) |31= 31. Kalanikauleleaiwi (=#23, 25) |32= 32. High Chief Kanaloaikaiwilena Kapulehu (=48) |33= 33. Keakealaniwahine (=47, 49, 51, 63) |34= 34. Ahu-a-I |35= 35. Princess Piilaniwahine |36= 36. High Chief Nu'uanu (=52) |37= 37. High Chiefess Kealomako (=53) |38= 38. Mahiolole, High Chief of Kohala (=54) |39= 39. High Chiefess Kanekukaailani (=55) |40= 40. Lonohonuakini of Maui (=44, 56, 60) |41= 41. High Chiefess Kalanikauanakinilani (=45, 57, 61) |42= 42. High Chief Umi-a-Liloa II (=58) |43= 43. High Chiefess Kuihewamakawalu (=59) |44= 44. Lonohonuakini of Maui (=40, 56, 60) |45= 45. High Chiefess Kalanikauanakinilani (=41, 57, 61) |46= 46. High Chief Kaneikaiwilani (=50, 62) |47= 47. Keakealaniwahine (=33, 49, 51, 63) |48= 48. High Chief Kanaloaikaiwilena Kapulehu (=32) |49= 49. Queen Keakealani of Hawaii (=33, 47, 51, 63) |50= 50. High Chief Kaneikaiwilani (=46, 62) |51= 51. Keakealaniwahine (=33, 47, 49, 63) |52= 52. High Chief Nu'uanu (=36) |53= 53. High Chiefess Kealomako (=37) |54= 54. Mahiolole, High Chief of Kohala (=38) |55= 55. High Chiefess Kanekukaailani (=39) |56= 56. Lonohonuakini of Maui (=40, 44, 60) |57= 57. High Chiefess Kalanikauanakinilani (=41, 45, 61) |58= 58. High Chief Umi-a-Liloa II (=42) |59= 59. High Chiefess Kuihewamakawalu (=43) |60= 60. Lonohonuakini of Maui (=40, 44, 56) |61= 61. Kalanikauanakinilani (=41, 45, 57) |62= 62. Kaneikaiwilani (=46, 50) |63= 63. Keakealaniwahine (=33, 47, 49, 51) }}

Family tree

Living octopus

Living octopus

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