Karl Eichwald : biography
Karl Eduard von Eichwald (4 July 1795, Mitau, Courland Governorate – 10 November 1876, Saint Petersburg; , Eduard Ivanovich Eykhval'd) was a Baltic German geologist and physician from Russia.
Eichwald was a Baltic German born at Mitau in Courland Governorate. He became doctor of medicine and professor of zoology in Kazan in 1823; four years later professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at Vilnius; in 1838 professor of zoology, mineralogy and medicine at St. Petersburg; and finally professor of palaeontology in the institute of mines in that city.
He travelled much in the Russian empire, and was a keen observer of its natural history and geology. He died at St. Petersburg.
His published works include Reise auf dem Caspischen Meere und in den Caucasus, 2 vols. (Stuttgart and Tübingen, 1834-1838); Die Urwelt Russlands (St Petersburg, 1840-1845); Le Lethaea Rossica, ou Paléontologie de la Russie, 3 vols. (Stuttgart, 1852-1868), with Atlases.
His work is not devoid of serious shortcomings-dependent part of the nature of the compiler. In old age, a few self-confident, willing to enjoy, not like admitting admitted their mistakes. Part of the errors were because of low-quality material, which for him was gathered often inexperienced or illiterate people. Therefore, the conclusions are not always deserve trust.
In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine