Juan Vicente Gómez bigraphy, stories - President of Venezuela

Juan Vicente Gómez : biography

24 July 1857 - 17 December 1935

Juan Vicente Gómez Chacón (24 July 1857 – 17 December 1935) was a military general and de facto ruler of Venezuela from 1908 until his death in 1935.He was president on three occasions during this time, and ruled as an unelected military strongman for the rest of the era.

Biography

Early years

Gómez in 1899 Gómez and [[Cipriano Castro]] Gómez and [[Eleazar López Contreras in 1934]] Gómez was a barely literate cattle herder and a nearly full-blooded Native American. In 1899, he joined the private army of Cipriano Castro, with whom he had been friends since Castro's exile in Colombia. This army swept down on Caracas in 1899 and seized control of the country. He became Castro's vice president and, in 1902, head of the military, responsible for suppressing several major revolts against the government in the battle of Ciudad Bolivar 21 July 1903.Caballero, Manuel (2007) Gómez, El Tirano Liberal 6th Edition. Alfadil Ediciones. He brought about the end of civil wars and political insurrections by exerting power over regional caudillos and, as a result, Venezuela became a peaceful country and has been so for more than a century. Ironically, the elimination of the caudillo problem and the choosing of Eleazar López Contreras as his last minister of war and marine paved the way to the emergence of modern democracy; see Generation of 1928. He repaid all foreign and internal debt using excess reserves; his fiscal conservatism helped the country get through the Crash of 1929 and the Great Depression, and led to an increase in the value of the bolívar to the point of becoming hard currency.

On the debit side, he is one of the prominent examples of U.S. domination in Latin America. During his rule, most of the country's wealth ended up in the hands of Gómez, his henchmen, and Wall Street.Woddis, J. (1967). An Introduction to Neocolonialism London: Lawrance & Wichart. Indeed, at the time of his death, he was by far the richest man in the country. He did little for public education and held basic democratic principles in disdain. Although cordial and simple in manner, his ruthless crushing of opponents through his secret police earned him the reputation of a tyrant. He was also accused of trying to make the country a personal fief.

Former Venezuelan President Rómulo Betancourt said in his book Venezuela: Oil and Politics that "(...) Gomez was something more than a local despot, he was the instrument of foreign control of the Venezuelan economy, the ally and servant of powerful outside interests." This is in reference to Royal Dutch Shell and Standard Oil's appeasement of the dictator in return for exploration rights to the country's oil fields.

In Venezuelan politics, Juan Vicente Gómez has come to symbolize political endurance and a caudillo mentality. He was quoted as saying he needed a lifetime to fulfill his political work.

Juan Vicente Gómez International Airport was named for him in 1993.

Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine