Joseph Bech : biography
Joseph Bech (17 February 1887 – 8 March 1975) was a Luxembourgian politician. He was the 15th Prime Minister of Luxembourg, serving for eleven years, from July 16, 1926 until November 5, 1937. He returned to the position after World War II, becoming the 17th Prime Minister, serving for another four years, from 29 December 1953 until 29 March 1958. The 1982–1983 academic year at the College of Europe was named in his honour.
Bech studied Law at Freiburg and Paris, before qualifying as a lawyer in 1914. The same year, on 30 June, he was elected to the Luxembourgian Chamber of Deputies for the newly-founded Party of the Right, representing the Canton of Grevenmacher.
On 15 April 1921, Bech was appointed to Émile Reuter's cabinet, holding the positions of Director-General for the Interior and Director-General for Education. In 1925, Bech lost these positions, as the Party of the Right's was edged out of government by a coalition of all other parties, who formed the government under Pierre Prüm.
When Prüm's coalition collapsed, in 1926, Bech became Prime Minister, which he remained until 1937.
Bech is considered to be one of the 'Founding Fathers' of the European Community. He was one of the participants of the Messina Conference in 1955, which would lead to the Treaty of Rome in 1957.
Honours and awards
- Order of the Oak Crown
- Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria (1955)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (1958)
- Charlemagne Prize (26 May 1960) - "in recognition of his life's work and his high merits for the unification of Europe that began in the old League of Nations and in the European institutions took their purposeful continuation."
In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine