José Mujica bigraphy, stories - President of Uruguay

José Mujica : biography

May 20, 1935 -

José Alberto "Pepe" Mujica Cordano ( born 20 May 1935) is an Uruguayan politician, and President of Uruguay since 2010. A former guerrilla fighter and a member of the Broad Front coalition of left-wing parties, Mujica was Minister of Livestock, Agriculture, and Fisheries from 2005 to 2008 and a Senator afterwards. As the candidate of the Broad Front, he won the 2009 presidential election and took office as President on 1 March 2010.

He has been described as "the world's 'poorest' president", as he donates around 90 percent of his $12,000 monthly salary to charities to benefit poor people and small entrepreneurs.


Mujica formed a cabinet made up of politicians from the different sectors of the Broad Front, conceding the economics area to aides of his vice president Danilo Astori. The expectations were high, as Mujica is the first former guerrilla fighter to become President in Uruguay. In general terms, his government is a continuation of the previous one; although many political figures accuse Mujica of not being resolute enough and talking too much.

In June 2012, his government made a move to legalize state-controlled sales of marijuana in order to fight drug-related crimes and health issues, and stated that they would ask global leaders to do the same. Time magazine featured an article on the matter. Mujica said that by regulating Uruguay’s estimated $40 million-a-year marijuana business, the state will take it away from drug traffickers, and weaken the drug cartels. The state would also be able to keep track of all marijuana consumers in the country, and provide treatment to the most serious abusers, much like what is done with alcoholics.

Personal life

In 2005, Mujica married Lucía Topolansky, a fellow Tupamaro member and current senator, after many years of co-habitation. They have no children and live on an austere farm in the outskirts of Montevideo where they cultivate chrysanthemums as an economic activity, having declined to live in the opulent presidential palace or use its staff. His humble lifestyle is reflected by his choice of an aging Volkswagen Beetle as transport. His wife owns the farm they live on. The Economist in an article writes that some Uruguayans see him as "a roly-poly former guerrilla who grows flowers on a small farm and swears by vegetarianism", but he is not vegetarian. artículo de Adolfo Castells en El Diario (Montevideo) del 10 de enero del 2013. Consultado el 30 de marzo de 2013.Afirma: «El [periódico] francés Liberation [...] ―en el colmo de la desinformación― afirma que nuestro presidente es vegetariano. Seguramente piensa que los chorizos del Quincho de Varela están rellenos de berenjena y soja». He does not believe in a god.

Early life

Mujica was born on 20 May 1935, to Demetrio Mujica, of Spanish Basque ancestry,, Diario La República, Diario La República and Lucy Cordano, of Italian descent. In his youth, Mujica was active in the National Party, where he became close to Enrique Erro.

His mother's family was composed of very poor Italian immigrants from Liguria; the surname Cordano is original of the Fontanabuona Valley, in the province of Genoa. His mother was born in Carmelo, where her parents, growers of vines, bought five acres in Colonia Estrella to cultivate vineyards. His father was a small farmer who went bankrupt shortly before his death in 1940 when Mujica was five.

Between the ages of 13 and 17, he began cycling on behalf of several clubs and in different categories.

Minister of Agriculture

On March 1, 2005, President Tabaré Vázquez designated Mujica as the Minister of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries (Mujica's own professional background was in the agricultural sector). Upon becoming minister, Mujica resigned his position as senator. He held this position until a cabinet change in 2008, when he resigned and was replaced by Ernesto Agazzi. Mujica then returned to his seat in the Senate.

Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine