John Ridley Stroop bigraphy, stories - Psychologists

John Ridley Stroop : biography

March 21, 1897 - September 1, 1973

John Ridley Stroop (March 21, 1897 – September 1, 1973) was an American psychologist whose research in cognition and interference continues to be considered by some as the gold standard in attentional studies and profound enough to continue to be cited for relevance into the 21st century.

Early life

Stroop was born in the rural community of Hall's Hill, outside Murfreesboro in Rutherford County, Tennessee. Of bad health, his family thought that he was not going to live long so he was spared of the heaviest land work. He was brilliant in his county school, graduating the first of his class. Stroop then began to study at David Lipscomb College (later known as Lipscomb University) in Nashville, Tennessee, an institution where he would later return as a teacher after his university doctoral work. Stroop graduated from college in 1919 and two years later obtained a diploma in this same school. On December 23 of the that year (1921) Jonh Ridley Stroop married Zelma Dunn with whom he had 3 sons. Zelma was the great niece of Margaret Zellner, wife of David Lipscomb.

Academic career

He developed a color-word task in 1935 to demonstrate interference in attention, and explained some of its psychological characteristics, which were later named the Stroop effect.

After producing his dissertation on the color-word task to obtain his PhD from the George Peabody College he left psychology. He returned to Nashville where he became professor of biblical studies at David Lipscomb College for the rest of his academic career. 
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Living octopus

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