Japetus Steenstrup bigraphy, stories - Danish zoologist

Japetus Steenstrup : biography

1813 - 1897

Johannes Japetus Smith Steenstrup (1813–1897) was a Danish zoologist, biologist, and professor.

Born in Vang (Thy) on March 8, 1813 he held a lectorate in mineralogy in Sorø until 1845 Brockhaus' Konversations-Lexikon. 14th ed., Leipzig, Berlin and Vienna 1894; Vol. 15, p. 219 when he became a professor of zoology at the University of Copenhagen. He worked on a great many subjects, including cephalopods, but also in genetics, where he discovered the principle of the alternation of generations in some parasitic worms in 1842.

Steenstrup discovered (1842) the possibility of using the subfossils of the Postglacial as a means of interpreting climate changes and correlated vegetation change, which he called succession in the recent past.Cowles, Henry C. (1911) The causes of vegetational cycles. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 1 (1): 3-20 Two of Steenstrup's students, Christian Vaupell and Eugen Warming further developed this line of research.

Japetus Steenstrup was a professor to zoologist Johan Erik Vesti Boas, who was also a student of zoologist Carl Gegenbaur, and Hans Christian Gram, inventor of the Gram stain.

    "Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. B"     (biographies of scientists with names beginning "B"),     Hans G. Hansson, TJärnö Marine Biological Laboratory,     Göteborg University and Stockholm University, TMBL.gu.se webpage:     . 

Together with Johan Lange, Steenstrup was the publisher of Flora Danica fasc. 44.

In 1857, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He died on June 20, 1897 in Copenhagen.

Japetus Steenstrup's tomb at [[Assistens Kirkegård, Copenhagen]]

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