James S. Voss : biography
James Shelton Voss (born March 3, 1949) is the Vice President of Engineering at SpaceDev. He is a retired United States Army Colonel and NASA astronaut. During his time with NASA, Voss flew in space five times on board the Space Shuttle and International Space Station. He also served as deputy of Flight Operations for the Space Station Program Mission Integration and Operations Office. While participating in ISS Expedition 2, he and Susan Helms conducted an 8 hour and 56 minute spacewalk, the longest to date.
Awards and decorations
|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg|width=80}}||Army Distinguished Service Medal|
|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=US Defense Superior Service Medal ribbon.svg|width=80}}||Defense Superior Service Medal|
|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=Defense Meritorious Service ribbon.svg|width=80}}||Defense Meritorious Service Medal|
|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=Meritorious Service ribbon.svg|width=80}}||Meritorious Service Medal|
|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=Army Commendation Medal ribbon.svg|width=80}}||Army Commendation Medal|
|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=NasaDisRib.gif|width=80}}||NASA Distinguished Service Medal|
|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=NASA Outstanding Leadership Ribbon.png|width=80}}||NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal|
|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=USA - NASA Excep Rib.png|width=80}}||NASA Exceptional Service Medal|
|number=4|type=oak|ribbon=SpaceFltRib.gif|width=80}}||NASA Space Flight Medal with four oak leaf clusters|
|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg|width=80}}||National Defense Service Medal|
|number=0|type=oak|ribbon=Army Service Ribbon.svg|width=80}}||Army Service Ribbon|
Voss has also been awarded:
- University of Colorado Distinguished Engineering Alumni Award (2002)
- Alabama Engineering Hall of Fame (2001)
Selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in June 1987, Voss completed a one-year training and evaluation program in August 1988, which qualified him for assignment as a mission specialist on Space Shuttle flights. He has worked as a flight crew representative in the area of Shuttle safety, as a CAPCOM, providing a communications interface between ground controllers and flight crews during simulations and Shuttle flights, and as the Astronaut Office Training Officer. After his third spaceflight Voss spent two years training at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City, Russia. He served as a backup to Michael Foale on the STS-84/Mir 23/Mir 24/STS-86 mission and to Andrew Thomas for the STS-89/Mir 24/Mir 25/STS-91 mission. After his fifth flight, Voss served as the Deputy for Flight Operations in the Space Station Program Mission Integration and Operations Office.
Voss was a mission specialist on board Space Shuttle Atlantis during STS-44 from November 24 - December 1, 1991. The mission's primary objective was the deployment of a Defense Support Program satellite with an Inertial Upper Stage booster rocket. The crew also conducted two Military Man in Space experiments, three radiation monitoring experiments, and numerous medical tests to support longer duration spaceflight. The mission orbited the Earth 110 times before returning to Edwards Air Force Base in California.
From December 2–9, 1992, Voss flew as a Mission Specialist on STS-53. The 171 orbit flight of the Space Shuttle Discovery deployed a classified Department of Defense payload. The satellite was the second launch of a Satellite Data System-2 military communications satellite. The [[STS-53 crew. Voss is second from the right.]]
During STS-69, Voss was a Mission Specialist and Payload Commander on board Space Shuttle Endeavour. The flight, which orbited the Earth 171 times from September 7–18, 1995, successfully deployed a SPARTAN satellite and the Wake Shield Facility. Also on board was the International Extreme Ultraviolet Hitchhiker Payload as well as various medical experiments. Voss and Michael Gernhardt performed a six hour spacewalk in order to test space suit modifications and to evaluate tools and procedures for future use on the International Space Station.
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