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Hugh Ross (creationist) : biography

24 July 1945 -

Hugh Norman Ross (born July 24, 1945) is a Canadian-born astrophysicist, Christian apologist and prominent old earth creationist.

Ross has graduate degrees in astronomy from the University of Toronto and an undergraduate degree in physics from the University of British Columbia. He is known for establishing his own ministry called Reasons To Believe that uses scientific evidence to argue for the truth of Christianity. It promotes progressive and day-age forms of Old Earth Creationism. Ross accepts the scientific consensus on an old age of the earth and an old age of the universe, though he rejects the scientific consensus on evolution and abiogenesis as explanations for the history and origin of life.


Ross was born in Montreal and raised in Vancouver, Canada. He earned a BSc in physics from the University of British Columbia and an MSc and PhD in astronomy from the University of Toronto; and he was a postdoctoral research fellow for five years at Caltech, studying quasars and galaxies. Ross was the youngest person ever to serve as director of observations for Vancouver’s branch of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, and before starting Reasons To Believe, he was on the ministerial staff of Sierra Madre Congregational Church. In addition to apologetics writing, Ross speaks regularly in academic venues and churches, as well as regular podcasts "I Didn't Know That" (formerly Creation Update), and "Science News Flash." He spoke at the 2008 Skeptics Society' "Origins Conference" at California Institute of Technology alongside Nancey Murphy, Victor Stenger, and Leonard Susskind. He has publicly debated both atheist scientists, including Jerry Coyne, Eugenie Scott, Victor Stenger, Peter Ward, and Lewis Wolpert, and young-earth creationist scientists, including Duane Gish, Ken Ham, Jason Lisle, and John Morris. In 2012 he won the Trotter Prize, delivering the Trotter Lecture at Texas A&M University on "Theistic Implications for Big Bang Cosmology."

Ross is married to Kathy and they have two sons.


Ross is criticized by YECs for his acceptance of uniformitarian geology and astronomy over what they see as a plain reading of the English translation of Genesis. YECs claim that speciation explains how present biodiversity could have arisen from the small number of "kinds" after Noah's Flood. The concept of "created kinds," like everything else in baraminology, is rejected by the scientific consensus as pseudoscience. Ross holds that Noah's Flood was local yet believes it killed all humans except for those on the ark, whereas YECs generally hold that Noah's Flood was global.

Hugh Ross has been criticized by CSUF professor emeritus Mark Perakh for crude errors and misunderstanding of basic concepts of thermodynamics together with misinterpretations of Hebrew words. Ross is also criticized by young Earth creationists, such as Ken Ham, Kent Hovind, Jonathan Sarfati,, Creation Ministries International Bolton Davidheiser, Lambert Dolphin, and Creation Ministries International, Creation Ministries International for his day-age creation version of Biblical creation. Ross also drew criticism for his views on God existing in hyperdimensions of time and space and interpreting Christian doctrines in that light from, among others, J.P. Moreland, Thomas C. Oden, and William Lane Craig, who otherwise support him. Ross responded to these critiques near the end of the same issue of the journal. J.W. Browning of the Rocky Mountain Creation Fellowship, who agrees by and large with the YEC stance and with William Lane Craig to the extent of his critique on Ross, also disputed additional statements Ross had made on primary Trinitarian doctrine.


Ross believes in progressive creationism, which posits that while the earth is billions of years old, life did not appear by natural forces alone but that a supernatural agent formed different lifeforms in incremental (progressive) stages, and day-age creationism which reconciles a literal Genesis account of Creation with modern scientific theories on the age of the Universe, the Earth, life, and humans. He rejects the Young Earth Creationist (YEC) position that the earth is younger than 10,000 years, or that the creation "days" of Genesis 1 represent literal 24-hour periods. Ross instead asserts that these days (translated from the Hebrew word yom) are historic, distinct, and sequential, but not 24 hours in length nor equal in length. Ross and his team agree with the scientific community at large that the vast majority of YEC arguments are pseudoscience and that any version of intelligent design is inadequate if it doesn't provide a testable hypothesis which can make verifiable and falsifiable predictions, and if not, it should not be taught in the classroom as science.

Ross is a critic of young Earth creationists, in particular Russell Humphreys.Samuel R. Conner and Hugh Ross Ph.D., , March 1999

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