Hilbrand Nawijn : biography
Hilbrand Pier Anne Nawijn (born August 8, 1948) is a Dutch politician of the Party for the Netherlands (PVN). He was Minister for Integration & Immigration from July 22, 2002 until May 27, 2003 and later a Member of the House of Representatives for the Pim Fortuyn List (LPF).
Nawijn was born in Kampen. The son of a burgemeester (mayor), he is a descendant of Firmin Navin, a French Huguenot who had fled to Holland in 1696http://twente.ngv.nl/Documenten/TG-nr.%204-2008.pdf to escape persecution. After graduating Emelwerda College in Emmeloord he studied law at the Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Following a long career working for the Dutch Ministry of Justice he was elected in 2002 as a member of the Christen-Democratisch Appèl for the city council of Zoetermeer. Nawijn was an early supporter of the openly gay, populist Dutch politician Pim Fortuynhttp://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2012/05/10_years_after_pim_fortuyn_was_1.phphttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/2290425.stm and in 2002, when Fortuyn founded the Pim Fortuyn List, Nawijn earned a place on the list. Despite the assassination of Fortuyn by an animal rights activist,http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1974572.stm which happened days before the election, the LPF emerged with a successful result, thus bringing Nawijn into the Dutch House of Representatives. He was appointed Minister for Integration and Immigration in the first Balkenende cabinet.http://www.wrr.nl/fileadmin/nl/publicaties/PDF-webpublicaties/Dutch_EU-policies_with_regard_to_legal_migration.pdf
Due to the instability of the LPF following Fortuyn’s assassination, the first Balkenende cabinet lasted briefly, leading to early elections in 2003. Due to Nawijn’s controversial conservative positions such as his support of the death penalty, which horrified many people in the Netherlands,http://www.volkskrant.nl/vk/nl/2686/Binnenland/article/detail/613760/2002/11/19/testweg-Nawijn-wekt-afschuw-met-pleidooi-voor-doodstraf.dhtml he was placed at the bottom of the LPF’s electoral list. This should have made it almost impossible for Nawijn to be reelected, however, the same statements which made him so unpopular to the political establishment won him a following among voters. On election day Nawijn received enough individual votes to once again enter the House of Representatives.http://www.parlement.com/9291000/biof/02385
Despite still being a member of the LPF, Nawijn often was at odds with the party. In January 2005, he left the fragmented LPF with the goal of founding his own political party which conceptually would lean closer towards the ideas of the far-right Flemish party Vlaams Belang.http://media.leidenuniv.nl/legacy/Jan%20Erk%20-%20From%20Vlaams%20Blok%20to%20Vlaams%20belang.pdfhttp://www.volkskrant.nl/vk/nl/2824/Politiek/article/detail/668298/2005/06/22/Nawijn-uit-fractie-LPF.dhtml Together with one of the leaders of Vlaams Belang, Filip Dewinter, in June 2005 he announced the founding of a think tank during a controversial meeting in the former house of murdered politician Pim Fortuyn. Marten Fortuyn, Pim Fortuyn’s brother, called this action provocative, and "I had expected otherwise from Nawijn." The influential Dutch magazine Elsevier writes: "According to (the LPF member of parliament) Varela, it was widely known that Pim Fortuyn wanted nothing to do with Dewinter, who’s party Vlaams Blok (resurrected as Vlaams Belang) had the previous year been forbidden due to racism."http://www.volkskrant.nl/vk/nl/2824/Politiek/article/detail/666746/2005/06/19/Nawijn-richt-denktank-op-met-Dewinter.dhtmlhttp://www.elsevier.nl/web/1036746/Nieuws/Politiek/Nawijn-overweegt-vertrek-LPF-fractie.htm
In the Dutch municipal elections of 2006, Nawijn managed, with his own new party, to gather 5 out of 39 seats in his hometown Zoetermeer.http://www.volkskrant.nl/vk/nl/2824/Politiek/archief/article/detail/788552/2006/03/29/Nawijn-hoopt-op-een-Fortuynistische-partij.dhtml Later that year he entered the 2006 Dutch elections with a new party, the Partij voor Nederland (Party for the Netherlands), but obtained no seats. During his campaign, Nawijn voiced his support for accepting CIA black sites into the Netherlands in an interview in October 2006 in the Dutch newspaper Spits.http://hirespdf.spitsnet.nl/2006-10-31/SPI20061031.pdf
In early 2007, Nawijn participated in the Dutch version of So You Wanna Be a Popstar?, broadcast by the Dutch commercial TV channel SBS6, granting him fulfilment of one of his dreams. He stated that "Now that I have left national politics, I can do such things. An additional advantage is that it will keep me a bit ‘in the picture’".http://www.ad.nl/ad/nl/1002/Showbizz/article/detail/2249248/2007/02/27/Jochem-van-Gelder-wordt-popster.dhtml As a result of his performances at the talent contest, which were met with public ridicule,http://www.ad.nl/ad/nl/1040/Den-Haag/article/detail/2274587/2007/03/29/Nawijn-maalt-niet-om-mening-publiek.dhtml Nawijn signed up for a five-year contract as a singer.http://www.elsevier.nl/web/10126004/Nieuws/Nederland/Nawijn-ruziet-met-vader-vermoorde-Vaatstra.htmhttp://www.easybookings.nl/nieuws/200705121914.hilbrand.nawijn.tekent.platencontract.html His first single came out in May 2007, Hey Jumpen, in the jumpstyle genre, and reached #45 in the Dutch Single Top 100 charts.http://vorige.nrc.nl/krant/article1774837.ece (Internet Archive)
In February 2008 he returned to his original career in law.http://www.volkskrant.nl/vk/nl/2686/Binnenland/article/detail/887838/2008/02/21/Oud-minister-Hilbrand-Nawijn-terug-in-advocatuur.dhtml