Giacomo Puccini bigraphy, stories - An Italian opera composer

Giacomo Puccini : biography

A future composer Giacomo Puccini was born in a small Italian town Lucca. A boy belonged to a family of hereditary composers, his father was a teacher in the Musical Institute and mother was born in a family of musicians. Giacomo’s fate was predetermined at the age of five when his father, the head of Benedictine order’s church choir, died, and his post was left for a child. Giacomo started to work as a singer in church and later became an organist in Benedictine order.

An impression that viewing of Verdi’s opera “Aida” in Pisa in 1876 made on Puccini was a key moment in his life. It left ineffaceable impression and increased his wish to become an opera composer.

In 1880 Puccini arrived in Milan where he entered Milan conservatory. The entrance examinations wasn’t at all hard for a brilliant talent of Giacomo but years of studying wasn’t unclouded – he had to live in a small cold room and save money to go to theatres. But in spite of all these troubles a passion for music didn’t leave Puccini, and as a student he wrote many works.

The composer’s symphonic compositions got good responses in printed media, but Puccini saw his talent in writing music for theater. His music as he considered needed a live action. His first two opera were “Le Villi” and “Edgar”, but none of them bought fame to their author.

The opera “La bohème” brought Puccini a real success, then “Tosca” with an opening night in Rome in 1900 followed.

The next turning moment in Puccini’s fate was an acquaintance with the works of the American dramatist Belaske. The composer was impressed by a London performance and decided to try an orient theme in his works. That’s how the image of Cio-Cio San or Madama Butterfly appeared. Puccini made experiments with the sound and used Japanese tunes to impart a characteristic Japanese flavour. The first night of the opera was a failure but after revision the performance was a real success.

Beginning from 20-s Puccini’s creative activity sharply fell because of the oppressive war atmosphere. The composer decided to make a large-scale work – an opera triptych. The first part was an opera “Il tabarro”, the second “Suor Angelica” and the third “Gianni Schicchi”. Every composition wasn’t like two other, because the idea of contrast was laid in it. The trilogy had good responses and became one of the Puccini’s masterpieces.

His last opera “Turandot” Puccini didn’t complete as he died from throat cancer at the age of 66.

Living octopus

Living octopus

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