Georg Hegel : biography
On 27 August 1770 in German city called Stuttgart was born a boy. They named him Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. They boy belonged to an old protestant family, which was driven away from Austria in the sixteenth century during the period of counterreformation. The boy’s father worked as a secretary at the ducal court. The head of the family thought just the same as his wife that their boy needed to get a broad education, much better that their best local school could provide. Tat was the reason that at the age of seven the young Hegel began to attend Latin school. In addition to that they hired teacher to came to their home.
In his childhood the future philosopher was very fond of reading. He used to spend all his pocket money buying new interesting books. As for the spare time the boy had, he proffered to spend it in the local library. Moreover the boy didn’t read books just for entertaining himself; on the contrary he used to choose serious and important books. The future philosopher was find of ancient Greek tragedies and books of Greek philosophers. He even tried to translate some of the writers. The boy also liked to work with the books he read, making conspectus and notes on the essential topics, after that he classified them, creating categories of mathematics, philosophy, psychology, aesthetics and others. With the German pedantry, which was his way, he maintained the order collecting his notes in a special folder. The collection of folders filled up regularly. But all the efforts didn’t come down the drain because the philosopher would use them through his whole life.
There was a kind of rule in the Stuttgart gymnasium that every graduate student, having finished his education, was to make a speech. Georg had chosen his topic which was “Poor state of science and arts of Turkish”. His speech tremendously impressed his teachers of the gymnasium. And the heads of the gymnasium made efforts to carry about the future of the young man. In 1778 Georg Hegel was awarded with ducal scholarship and used it in order to enter one of the departments of the Tubingen University. The department was the Lutheran seminary.
When studying in the university, Hegel showed himself as an industrious student, however he was not far from, students’ feasts and jokes. During that period he made friends who became poets and philosophers afterwards.
In 1789 the echo of the French revolution reached Germany and aroused interest to politics among young students. They organized a political club in the Tubingen University.
The students who became the members of the political club discussed the events that had happened in France with great enthusiasm. They were adored by the ideas of revolution and had argues about the destiny of Germany. During those tumultuous years Georg Hegel was not very interested in philosophy, instead of that he was inspired with democratic ideas of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. But the fact didn’t prevent him from getting his master’s degree of philosophy. He was only twenty when he became a master of philosophy. Hegel presented two compositions for his dissertation work. One of which was about the history of philosophy and human judgments, and the other was about subjectivity and objectivity of points of views.
In 1793 Hegel graduated from the university with a diploma. By that time had no ideas of becoming a theologian. Instead to making his career, he made his way to Switzerland, where he settled in Berne, working as a home teacher for the three children of a local patrician. Bringing up the children didn’t take all the time of the philosopher, he also spent much time in the library of the foreman miner.
In January of 1797 he changed his place of living, but not his profession. Hegel moved to Frankfurt, where he started to work as a home teacher again. Frankfurt was the place where he met his love. The woman was a modest modiste. However, soon the philosopher’s passion calmed down. Later he wrote that no love was worth devoting one’s life to. But that was not the same for the modiste, the woman remained unmarried through her whole life, keeping Hegel’s letters.
In 1818 Hegel was offered a position in the University of Berlin. He accepted that and moved there. That was the place where he worked at his philosophical compositions and lectured. In 1830 Hegel became the president of the university.
After the years of 1831 when Berlin was attacked with cholera epidemic, the philosopher left the city. Soon he returned mistakenly thinking that the epidemic was over.
George Hegel died in 1831 and was buried in Berlin. Not long before that his son died while studying in Holland, but the news didn’t have time to reach the father.
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