Gabriel Auguste Daubrée bigraphy, stories - Geologists

Gabriel Auguste Daubrée : biography

June 25, 1814 - May 29, 1896


Gabriel Auguste Daubrée (June 25, 1814 – May 29, 1896) was a French geologist.

His published researches date from 1841, when the origin of certain tin minerals attracted his attention; he subsequently discussed the formation of bog-iron ore, and worked out in detail the geology of the Bas-Rhin (1852). From 1857 to 1861, while engaged in engineering works connected with the springs of Plombieres, he made a series of interesting observations on thermal waters and their influence on the Roman masonry through which they made their exit. He was, however, especially distinguished for his long-continued and often dangerous experiments on the artificial production of minerals and rocks. He likewise discussed the permeability of rocks by water, and the effects of such infiltration in producing volcanic phenomena; he dealt with the subject of metamorphism, with the deformations of the Earth's crust, with earthquakes, and with the composition and classification of meteorites. He died in Paris.

He was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences from 1892. A sulfide mineral found in meteorites (Daubréelite), a bismuth oxide (Daubréeite) and a crater on the moon (Daubrée crater) were named after him.

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