Frida Kahlo de Rivera : biography
On the 6th of July in 1907 in Coyoacan, Mexico City’s suburb, a girl, named Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo Calderon, was born. Her father, Guillermo Kahlo, German Jewish by birth, worked as a photographer, and mother, a Spanish woman named Matilde Calderon y Gonzales, rented out rooms and sold furniture. Kahlo’s family wasn’t rich, but relatively well-t-do – Frieda’s parents had their own house near the centre of the city, and could hire an Indian nanny for the children. But Frieda’s childhood wasn’t ordinary: she had to live simultaneously in two worlds – among antique Conquistador mansions of the province, where silence was calmly combined with the spirit of a starting revolution in Mexico.
Later she would call three objects of love of her childhood – and the main was her father, gentle and artistic man, who wasn’t adapted for life at all. Besides father, Frieda loved Mati, her elder sister, who had enough courage to run away from home, escape from their authoritative, devout and always worried mother’s care. After this escape Frieda stayed alone with her fantasies and ears and invented an imaginary friend – children of the same age didn’t want to be friends with her, because they considered her a cripple. At the age of six Frieda fell ill with poliomyelitis, anв as a result her left leg “dried out” and became too thin and shorter, than the right one.
Frieda wasn’t a sad girl, in the childhood she was a funny hoodlum, a real tomboy. After she finished school, she entered a department of medicine of the National preoperational school – she was one of thirty five girls, who studied with almost two thousand boys. At that time Frieda joined a literary study group under the name “Kachuchas”, members o which considered themselves revolutionaries, but reduced their activity mainly to youth funs and cheeky jokes. Frieda had an affair with the head of еры group, a student of the department of law Alexandro Arias, but when she was composing passionate letter for her “groom”, she was thinking about another man. The girl’s idol was Diego Rivera – an artist-muralist and Marxist, whose image exited youth’s imagination at that time. he had just returned to Mexico and started to paint the walls of the National school. He was twenty one years older than Frieda and was very successful among women, but the young student didn’t manage to attract Diego’s attention, though she assured all friends that she would marry him.
In September of 1925 Frieda got in the road accident – the bus, in which she was going with Alexandro, crashed into a tram. The girl miraculously survived. She had to endure thirty operations and get to know, that she couldn’t give birth to a child. Bedridden Frieda decided to live for painting, which was an unserious hobby before. Relatives made a special easel, and hanged a mirror above the bed, and Frieda started her artistic way from self-portraits.
She also had to endure spiritual wounds – Alexandro’s parents insisted, that he should go to Germany, because rude and outright Frieda, whom they never liked, became a cripple. But the young artist was busy with her art and struggle wit the illness, and that’s why she forgave this betrayal easily. Afterwards she corresponded with her abandoned groom.
Frieda’s strong character won – three months later she began to go out and communicate with friends. The girl had a thirst for life. the National school became a centre of youth communist movement by that time, and Frieda adopted revolutionary romance with all her heart. She was nineteen, when she met Diego Rivera for the second time, and this meeting was determining for both of them. Friead asked Rivera for advice as an artist. Diego arrived to her home and saw the girl, sitting on the tree and whistling “International”. He was astonished with Frieda’s pictures and with Frieda herself. At the first time this adult, experienced man, an anarchist, womanizer and a star, was conquered not with a body, but with a soul of a woman. He decided that he needed such a partner in life, honestly made all necessary “groom” rituals and persuaded a doubted father of Frieda to agree on his daughter’s marriage with the great Rivera.
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