Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden bigraphy, stories - Monarchs

Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden : biography

9 July 1857 - 8 August 1928

Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden (9 July 1857 in Karlsruhe – 8 August/9 August 1928 in Badenweiler) was the last Grand Duke of Baden.


He became Grand Duke on 28 September 1907, after the death of his father Frederick I. He abdicated on 22 November 1918, amidst the tumults of the German Revolution of 1918–19 which resulted in the abolition of the Grand Duchy.

As a student at the University of Heidelberg, Frederick was a member of the Suevia Corps, a student organization.

After the death of his cousin Carola of Vasa, he became the representative of the descent of the Kings of Sweden of the House of Holstein-Gottorp.

On 20 September 1885 in Schloss Hohenburg he married Princess Hilda of Luxembourg, only daughter of Grand Duke Adolf. There was no surviving issue from the marriage.

  • 1875 : Sekondeleutnant (= Leutnant)
  • 18?? : Premierleutnant (= Oberleutnant)
  • 18?? : Hauptmann
  • 18?? : Major
  • 1889 : Oberst
  • 1891 : Generalmajor
  • 1893 : Generalleutnant
  • 1897 : General der Infanterie
  • 1905 : Generaloberst with the rank of Generalfeldmarschall

He was à la suite the Royal Prussian Regiments Erstes Garde-Regiment zu Fuß (1st Guard Foot Regiment) and 1. Garde-Ulanen-Regiment and à la suite the Imperial 1st Seebataillon.

The state of Baden originated from the area of the Grand Duchy. In 1951/52 it became part of the new state of Baden-Württemberg.

Orders and decorations

  • Order of the Black Eagle
  • Order of St. Andrew
  • Order of the Elephant
  • Order of the Seraphim
  • Iron Cross 1914, 2nd Class and 1st Class


Frederick's ancestors in three generations
Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden Father:Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden Paternal Grandfather:Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden Paternal Great-grandfather:Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
Paternal Great-grandmother:Louise Karoline, Baroness Geyer of Geyersberg
Paternal Grandmother:Sophie of Sweden Paternal Great-grandfather:Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
Paternal Great-grandmother:Frederica of Baden
Mother:Princess Louise of Prussia Maternal Grandfather:William I, German Emperor Maternal Great-grandfather:Frederick William III of Prussia
Maternal Great-grandmother:Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Maternal Grandmother:Augusta of Saxe-Weimar Maternal Great-grandfather:Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Maternal Great-grandmother:Maria Pavlovna of Russia
Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine