Edward Szczepanik : biography
Edward Franciszek Szczepanik (born August 22, 1915 in Suwałki, Poland; died 11 October 2005 in Worcestershire, England) was a Polish economist and the last Prime Minister of the Polish Government in Exile.
- Zagadnienia neutralnego pieniądza. (Warsaw, 1938)
- Factors determining the mark of interest. (M.Sc. (Econ.) (London) thesis LSE, 1953)
- Zarys polityki dobrobytu gospodarczego. (London, 1953)
- A study in the economic problems of central & eastern Europe. Lectures. (London, 1954)
- co-author MA, Ronald A., The National Income of Hong Kong, 1947-1950. (Hong Kong University Press: Hong Kong, 1955)
- The Cost of Living in Hong Kong. (Hong Kong University Press: Hong Kong, 1956)
- The Economic Growth of Hong Kong (with special reference to the post-war industrialisation). (University of London / Oxford University Press: London, 1958) c.f. /
- Editor, The Economic Role of Middlemen and Co-operatives in Indo-Pacific Fisheries. (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 1960)
- Editor, Economic and social problems of the Far East : Symposium : Golden jubilee congress : Papers and discussions. (Hong Kong University Press, 1962)
- National accounting as a tool of economic planning. (Lectures). (Mouton & Co.: The Hague, 1965)
- Agricultural policies at different levels of development. (Rome, 1976)
- Kształtowanie się poglądów polskiego ruchu oporu na politykę gospodarczą. (London, 1979)
- co-author Duchêne, François, New limits on European agriculture : politics and the Common Agricultural Policy. (Totowa: Rowman & Allanheld / Croom Helm, London, 1985.) ISBN 0-8476-7375-8 (U.S.) / ISBN 0-7099-0858-X (UK) c.f.
- Editor, Napaść sowiecka i okupacja polskich ziem wschodnich, wrzesień 1939. (Polskie Towarzystwo Naukowe na Obczyźnie, Polska Fundacja Kulturalna, London, 1985) ISBN 0-85065-165-4 / (Warsaw : Międzyzakładowa Struktura "Solidarności" V, 1985)
- Editor, Kongres Kultury Polskiej Ojczyzna w sercach : pokłosie kongresowe : prace Kongresu Kultury Polskiej : tom 1 (Polskie Towarzystwo Naukowe na Obczyżnie, London, 1986) ISBN 1-870027-06-X
- Editor, The Polish Cultural And Scientific Heritage at the Dawn of the Third Millennium (Polish Society of Arts and Sciences Abroad, 240 King Street, London, W6 ORF, 2003) ISBN 1-870027-02-7
Szczepanik was born on August 22, 1915 in Suwałki, a small town in northern Poland, while the country was part of Imperial Russia under German occupation.
Edward lived in Kościuszko street, he went to the local grammar school and then studied at the Warsaw School of Economics (SGH). He studied for his M.Sc. in political economy under Professor Edward Lipiński in 1936. During his compulsory military service he was stationed at the Artillery Officers' School with the 29th Light Artillery Regiment. He won a scholarship to study at the London School of Economics, studying under Professors Lionel Robbins, Friedrich Hayek and Paul Narcyz Rosenstein-Rodan. On his return he became an assistant in Lipiński's department in SGH. After the interruption of the War, he completed his education with an M.Sc. in Economics from the LSE in 1953 and also a PhD in Economics in 1956.
World War II
During the Invasion of Poland, Szczepanik was interned in Lithuania and later captured by the Soviet forces. From 1940 until 1942, he was a prisoner of the Soviet Gulag camps in Kozielsk and Kola Peninsula. Following the outbreak of the Russo-German War and signing of the Sikorski-Mayski Agreement, he was released and joined the Polish II Corps under general Władysław Anders. As an Officer (and eventually Major) in the Polish Army, he served with distinction in the Fifth Polish Artillery Regiment - notably in the battles of Monte Cassino, Ancona, and Bologna. He was one of the first members of the Allied troops to enter Bologna. In 1945 he received the Cross of the Valorous, and the following year was awarded the Silver Cross of Merit with Swords. In addition, Szczepanik was awarded the Italian Cross of Military Merit by the King of Italy and several other Polish and British campaign medals. He also served as a liaison officer with the Royal Artillery Training Team, commanded by Colonel R.R. Hoare.
In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine