Edward Jenner bigraphy, stories - English doctor, introduced and studied the smallpox vaccine

Edward Jenner : biography

17 May 1749 - 26 January 1823

Edward Anthony Jenner, FRS (17 May 1749 – 26 January 1823) was an English physician and scientist from Berkeley, Gloucestershire, who was the pioneer of smallpox vaccine. He is often called "the father of immunology", and his work is said to have "saved more lives than the work of any other man".

Publications

  • 1798 An Inquiry Into the Causes and Effects of the Variolæ Vaccinæ
  • 1799 Further Observations on the Variolæ Vaccinæ, or Cow-Pox.
  • 1800 A Continuation of Facts and Observations relative to the Variolæ Vaccinæ 40pgs
  • 1801 The Origin of the Vaccine Inoculation 12pgs

Monuments and buildings

  • Edward Jenner is buried in the Jenner family vault at the Church of St. Mary's, Berkeley.
  • Jenner's house in the village of Berkeley, Gloucestershire, is now a small museum, housing, among other things, the horns of the cow, Blossom.
  • A statue of Jenner by Robert William Sievier was erected in the nave of Gloucester Cathedral.
  • Another statue was erected in Trafalgar Square and later moved to Kensington Gardens.
  • Near the Gloucestershire village of Uley, Downham Hill is locally known as "Smallpox Hill" for its possible role in Jenner's studies of the disease.
  • London's St. George's Hospital Medical School has a Jenner Pavilion, where his bust may be found.
  • A group of villages in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United States, was named in Jenner's honor by early 19th-century English settlers, including Jenners, Jenner Township, Jenner Crossroads, and Jennerstown, Pennsylvania
  • Jennersville, Pennsylvania, is located in Chester County.
  • A section at Gloucestershire Royal Hospital is known as the Edward Jenner Ward; it is where blood is drawn.
  • A ward at Northwick Park Hospital is called Jenner Ward.
  • Jenner Gardens at Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, opposite one of the scientist's former offices, is a small garden and cemetery outside the walls of the upper town of Boulogne sur Mer, France.
  • In The Henry Cort Community College, Fareham, Hampshire, a building is named after him.
  • A street in Stoke Newington, north London: Jenner Road, N16

In popular culture

  • The Walking Dead television series's character Edwin Jenner, a doctor affiliated with Atlanta's Centers for Disease Control, is a homage to Edward Jenner.

Early life

Edward Jenner was born on 17 May 1749 (6 May Old Style) in Berkeley, as the eighth of nine children. His father, the Reverend Stephen Jenner, was the vicar of Berkeley, so Jenner received a strong basic education.

Edward Jenner went to school in Wotton-under-Edge and Cirencester. During this time he was inoculated for smallpox, which had a lifelong effect upon his general health. At the age of 14 he was apprenticed for seven years to Mr Daniel Ludlow, a surgeon of Chipping Sodbury, South Gloucestershire, where he gained most of the experience needed to become a surgeon himself.

In 1770, Edward Jenner became apprenticed in surgery and anatomy under surgeon John Hunter and others at St George's Hospital. William Osler records that Hunter gave Jenner William Harvey's advice, very famous in medical circles (and characteristic of the Age of Enlightenment), "Don't think; try." Hunter remained in correspondence with Jenner over natural history and proposed him for the Royal Society. Returning to his native countryside by 1773, Jenner became a successful family doctor and surgeon, practicing on dedicated premises at Berkeley.

Jenner and others formed the Fleece Medical Society or Gloucestershire Medical Society, so called because it met in the parlor of the Fleece Inn, Rodborough, in Rodborough, Gloucestershire, meeting to dine together and read papers on medical subjects. Jenner contributed papers on angina pectoris, ophthalmia, and cardiac valvular disease and commented on cowpox. He also belonged to a similar society that met in Alveston, near Bristol.Papers at the Royal College of Physicians summarised at http://www.aim25.ac.uk/cgi-bin/search2?coll_id=7135&inst_id=8

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