Coenraad Jacob Temminck bigraphy, stories - Zoologist

Coenraad Jacob Temminck : biography

31 March 1778 - 30 January 1858

Coenraad Jacob Temminck (31 March 1778 – 30 January 1858) was a Dutch aristocrat and zoologist.Gasso Miracle, M.E. 2008 The significance of Temminck's work on biogeography: Early nineteenth century natural history in Leiden, the Netherlands. Journal of the History of Biology 41(4):677–716

Temminck was the first director of the National Natural History Museum at Leiden from 1820 until his death. His Manuel d'ornithologie, ou Tableau systématique des oiseaux qui se trouvent en Europe (1815) was the standard work on European birds for many years. He inherited a large collection of bird specimens from his father, who was treasurer of the Dutch East India Company. In 1831, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Temminck was also the author of Histoire naturelle générale des Pigeons et des Gallinacées (1813–1817), Nouveau Recueil de Planches coloriées d'Oiseaux (1820–1839), and contributed to the mammalian sections of Philipp Franz von Siebold's Fauna japonica (1844–1850).

Animal species named after Temminck

A large number of animals were named for Temminck in the 19th century. Among those still in use are:

  • Sharks and fishes:
    • Broadfin shark Lamiopsis temminckii
    • Kissing gourami Helostoma temminckii
    • Goldribbon soapfish Aulacocephalus temminckii
    • Ancistrus temminckii (a catfish)
    • Ditrema temminckii (a surfperch)
    • Samoan silverside Hypoatherina temminckii
    • Dark chub Zacco temminckii (a carp)
    • Threadfin wrasse Cirrhilabrus temminckii
  • Reptiles:
    • Alligator snapping turtle Macrochelys temminckii
    • Sphenomorphus temmincki (a skink)
  • Birds:
    • Temminck's Cormorant Phalacrocorax capillatus
    • Temminck's Tragopan Tragopan temminckii
    • Temminck's Courser Cursorius temminckii
    • Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii
    • Malaysian Eared Nightjar Eurostopodus temminckii
    • Purple-winged Roller Coracias temminckii
    • Temminck's Hornbill Penelopides exarhatus
    • Ochre-collared Piculet Picumnus temminckii
    • Sulawesi Woodpecker Dendrocopos temminckii
    • Temminck's Fruit-dove Ptilinopus porphyreus
    • Cerulean Cuckoo-shrike Coracina temminckii
    • Australian Logrunner Orthonyx temminckii
    • Temminck's Sunbird Aethopyga temminckii
    • Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha
    • Temminck's Babbler Pellorneum pyrrhogenys
    • Temminck's Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris
  • Mammals:
    • Temminck's Pangolin Manis temminckii
    • Temminck's Mole Mogera wogura
    • Temminck's Golden Cat Catopuma temminckii
    • Dwarf Dog-faced Bat Molossops temminckii
    • Temminck's flying fox Pteropus temminckii
    • Temminck's tailless fruit bat Megaerops ecaudatus
    • Temminck's red colobus Pilocolobus badius temminckii (subspecies)
    • Temminck's Giant Squirrel Epixerus ebii
    • Temminck's Flying Squirrel Petinomys setosus
Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine