Christopher Columbus bigraphy, stories - navigator and an admiral for the Crown of Castile

Christopher Columbus : biography

c. 1451 - 20 May 1506

Christopher Columbus (Italian: Cristoforo Colombo; Spanish: Cristóbal Colón; Portuguese: Cristóvão Colombo; born before 31 October 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer, born in the Republic of Genoa, in what is today northwestern Italy. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 8 June 2010. Teaching Resources, Children's Book Recommendations, and Student Activities. Milton Meltzer. Author, Columbus and the World Around Him. "Columbus, Christopher". World Book Store has the encyclopedia, dictionary, atlas, homework help, study aids, and curriculum guides. 2010 "Columbus, Christopher". Questia – The Online Library of Books and Journals. 2010 Country of origin: USA. Pages: 428. Publisher: BiblioBazaar. Publication Date: 2010-01-01. Authors: Dorothy Lippert, Stephen J. Spignesi and Phil Konstantin. Paperback: 364 pages. Publisher: For Dummies. Publication Date: 2007-10-29. Author: Nicholas J. Saunders. Hardcover: 399 pages. Publisher: ABC-CLIO. Publication Date: 15 July 2006. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World.

In the context of emerging western imperialism and economic competition between European kingdoms seeking wealth through the establishment of trade routes and colonies, Columbus's speculative proposal, to reach the East Indies by sailing westward, eventually received the support of the Spanish crown, which saw in it a promise, however remote, of gaining the upper hand over rival powers in the contest for the lucrative spice trade with Asia. During his first voyage in 1492, instead of reaching Japan as he had intended, Columbus landed in the Bahamas archipelago, at a locale he named San Salvador. Over the course of three more voyages, Columbus visited the Greater and Lesser Antilles, as well as the Caribbean coast of Venezuela and Central America, claiming them for the Spanish Empire.

Though Columbus was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas (having been preceded by the Norse expedition led by Leif Ericson in the 11th century), Columbus's voyages led to the first lasting European contact with the Americas, inaugurating a period of European exploration, conquest, and colonization that lasted for several centuries. They had, therefore, an enormous impact in the historical development of the modern Western world. Columbus himself saw his accomplishments primarily in the light of spreading the Christian religion.

Never admitting that he had reached a continent previously unknown to Europeans, rather than the East Indies he had set out for, Columbus called the inhabitants of the lands he visited indios (Spanish for "Indians").Hoxie, Frederic E. ed. Encyclopedia of North American Indians Houghton Mifflin (March 1997) ISBN 978-0-395-66921-1 p.568 Herbst, Philip The Color of Words: An Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Ethnic Bias in the United States Intercultural Press Inc (31 December 1997) ISBN 978-1-877864-97-1 p.116 Wilton, David; Brunetti, Ivan Word myths: debunking linguistic urban legends Oxford University Press USA (13 January 2005) ISBN 978-0-19-517284-3 pp. 164–165 Columbus's strained relationship with the Spanish crown and its appointed colonial administrators in America led to his arrest and dismissal as governor of the settlements on the island of Hispaniola in 1500, and later to protracted litigation over the benefits which Columbus and his heirs claimed were owed to them by the crown.

Popular culture

Columbus, an important historical figure, has been depicted in fiction, cinema and television, and in other media and entertainment, such as stage plays, music, cartoons and games.

In games
  • Christopher Columbus appears as a Great Explorer in the 2008 strategy video game, Civilization Revolution. "CivFanatics" Retrieved on 4 September 2009
Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine