Carlota of Mexico bigraphy, stories - Religion

Carlota of Mexico : biography

7 June 1840 - 19 January 1927

Carlota of Mexico, born Charlotte of Belgium (Marie Charlotte Amélie Augustine Victoire Clémentine Léopoldine; 7 June 1840 – 19 January 1927), empress consort of Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico, the former Archduke of Austria.

Titles and styles

  • 7 June 1840 – 27 July 1857: Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Belgium, Princess of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Duchess in Saxony
  • 27 July 1857 – 10 April 1864: Her Imperial & Royal Highness Archduchess Charlotte of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia
  • 10 April 1864 – 15 May 1867: Her Imperial Majesty The Empress of Mexico
  • 15 May 1867– 19 January 1927: Her Imperial Majesty Empress Carlota of Mexico

Ancestry

Archduchess of Austria

Photo of young Archduke Maximilian and Archduchess Charlotte

On 27 July 1857 in Brussels, Charlotte married her second cousin Archduke Maximilian of Austria, the idealistic younger brother of Kaiser Franz Josef of Austria. In the Imperial Court of Vienna she was much prized by her mother-in-law, who saw in her the perfect example of a wife to an Austrian Archduke. Charlotte disliked Empress Elisabeth (also known as Sissi, Franz Josef's wife). It is said that the Archduchess disliked the deep connection that existed between the Empress and Maximilian, who were confidantes and shared the same tastes for many things, especially because her sister-in-law was universally admired for her beauty and charms.

Charlotte spent several relatively happy years in Italy as Maximilian's wife while the Archduke served as Governor of the provinces of Lombardy and Venetia. Although Lombardy and Venetia were then under the rule of the Austrian Empire, neither Maximilian nor Charlotte held real power, and both were fatally eager for more challenging roles in life.

Honours

Grand Master

During the Second Mexican Empire, she was the Grand Master of the :

  • Imperial Order of Saint Charles (founded in April 1866),

It was a women-only order consisting of maximum 24 "Grand Crosses" and an unlimited number of "Crosses". It was named after her patron, Saint Charles Borromeo. Being the wife of a member of the Imperial Family of Austria, the Order of the Starry Cross seems a probable model.

Received honours

Carlota of Mexico received the following honours:

  • : Dame of the Order of the Starry Cross
  • : Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa
  • 20px Malta : Dame Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta

Empress dowager

President Benito Juárez of the Republic of Mexico oversaw the execution of Maximilian in 1867. (His last words were reportedly of his absent wife: "Poor Carlota!" at www.bartleby.com) The empire had collapsed after only three years. Carlota's mental state continued to be poor. Her brother Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders, had her examined by alienists (psychiatrists), who pronounced her insane. She spent the rest of her life in seclusion, first at Miramar Castle near Trieste, Italy, and then at the Castle of Bouchout in Meise, Belgium. During World War I, her Belgian estate was surrounded by the occupying German army, but the estate itself was sacrosanct because Austria was one of Germany's chief allies and she was the widowed sister-in-law of the Austrian emperor.

As Carlota 's illness progressed, her paranoia faded. She remained deeply in love with her husband. After his death, she cherished all of the surviving possessions they had enjoyed in common. The bias of the historiography of the time makes it difficult to assess to what extent she suffered from alleged mental conditions such as psychosis, paranoia and monomania. Her considerable fortune as one of the richest women of Europe was administered by baron de Goffinet, a servant of King Leopold II, who ensured that the money was used for his personal colonization of the Congo.http://www.cosmopolitburo.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/60-A%C3%B1os-de-locura.pdf

Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine