Carlo Azeglio Ciampi bigraphy, stories - tenth President of the Italian Republic

Carlo Azeglio Ciampi : biography

9 December 1920 -

Carlo Azeglio Ciampi ( born 9 December 1920) is an Italian politician and banker. He was the 49th Prime Minister of Italy from 1993 to 1994 and was the tenth President of the Italian Republic from 1999 to 2006. He is currently a Senator for life in the Italian Senate.

Awards and honours

As President of the Italian Republic between 18 May 1999 and 15 May 2006, Ciampi held the roles of:

  • Head of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
  • Chief of the Military Order of Italy
  • Head of the Order of Merit for Labour
  • Head of the Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity
  • Head of the Order of Vittorio Veneto
  • Bailiff Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion of the Sacred Military Order of Malta
  • Collar of the Order of Pius IX (Papal Order)
  • 1982: Great Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
  • 1985: Commander of the Legion of Honour (France)
  • 1986: Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
  • 1993: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun (Japan)
  • 1995: Freeman of the City of Naples
  • 1999: Collar of the Order of the White Rose (Finland)
  • 2000: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (United Kingdom, 16 October 2000)
  • 2000: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the White Eagle (Poland)
  • 2001: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav
  • 2001: Grand Cross of the Grand Order of King Tomislav ("For outstanding contribution to the promotion of friendship and development co-operation between the Republic of Croatia and the Italian Republic." – Croatia, 19 October 2001)
  • 2001: Honorary doctorate from the University of Leipzig Faculty of Economics
  • 2002: Grand Star of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
  • 2002: - Grand Cross (or 1st Class) of the Order of the White Double Cross (Slovakia)Slovak republic website, : 1st Class in 2002 (click on "Holders of the Order of the 1st Class White Double Cross" to see the holders' table)
  • 2002: Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry (Portugal, 22 February 2002)
  • 2002: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Hungarian Republic
  • 2002: Collar Pro Merito Melitensi of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta
  • 2003: Collar of the Order of the Star of Romania
  • 2004: Collar of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana (Estonia)
  • 2004: Commander Grand Cross with Chain of the Order of Three Stars (Latvia)
  • Honorary Member of the Xirka Ġieħ ir-Repubblika (Malta, 19 May 2005)
  • 2005: Charlemagne Prize
  • 2005: - Grand Cross of the Order of Saint-Charles (Monaco, 13 December 2005)Nomination by Sovereign Ordonnance (French)
  • Grand Cross of the Order of the Southern Cross (Brazil)
  • 2008: Honorary doctorate from the Economics Faculty of the University of Augsburg

On 5 May 2005, he received the Charlemagne Award of the city of Aachen. On 15 June 2005, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the École Normale Supérieure of Paris.

On 1 May 2008, he attended Charlemagne Award of the city of Aachen.

Biography

Education

Ciampi was born in Livorno (Province of Livorno). .

After receiving a doctorate in literature in 1941 from the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, one of the country's most prestigious universities, he was called to military duty in Albania as a lieutenant. On 8 September 1943, on the date of the armistice with the Allies, he refused to remain in the Fascist Italian Social Republic, and took refuge in Abruzzo, in Scanno. He subsequently managed to pass the lines and reach Bari, where he joined the Partito d'Azione (and thus the Italian resistance movement).

In 1946 he married Franca Pilla. That same year, he obtained a doctorate in law from the University of Pisa and began working at the Banca d'Italia. He also joined the CGIL (Trade Union), which he left in 1980.

Oxford University awarded him an honorary Doctor of Civil Law degree in March 2005.

Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine