Carl Clinton Van Doren : biography
Carl Clinton Van Doren (September 10, 1885 – July 18, 1950) was a U.S. critic and Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer. He was the brother of Mark Van Doren and the uncle of Charles Van Doren.
He won the 1939 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography for Benjamin Franklin.
- (1921 & 1940 expanded)
- New York: The Viking Press, 1943.
- American and British Literature Since 1890 (1925), co-written with Mark Van Doren
- Benjamin Franklin (1938), winner of the 1939 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography
- The Great Rehearsal (1948)
A residence hall at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is named after Carl Clinton Van Doren.
Life and career
He was born in Hope, Vermilion County, Illinois on September 10, 1885 to a country doctor and was raised on the family farm. He earned a bachelor of arts from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1907 and a doctorate from Columbia University in 1911 and continued to teach there until 1930. He was a world federalist and once said, "It is obvious that no difficulty in the way of world government can match the danger of a world without it". In 1939, he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography for Benjamin Franklin. Official Listings.
Van Doren's study The American Novel, published in 1921, is generally credited with helping to re-establish Herman Melville's critical status as first-rate literary master.
From 1912 to 1935, Van Doren was married to Irita Bradford, editor of the New York Herald Tribune book review. He married Jean Wright Gorman in 1939, but divorced in 1945.
Van Doren died in Torrington, Connecticut on July 18, 1950.
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