Axel Honneth : biography
Axel Honneth ( born July 18, 1949) is a professor of philosophy at the University of Frankfurt, Germany and director of the Institut für Sozialforschung (Institute for Social Research) in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Honneth was born in Essen, West Germany on July 18, 1949, studied in Bonn, Bochum, Berlin and Munich (under Jürgen Habermas), and taught at the Free University of Berlin and the New School before moving to the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University of Frankfurt in 1996. In 2001, he became director of the Institute for Social Research, originally home to the so-called Frankfurt School, at the University of Frankfurt. Since 2011, he is also Jack C. Weinstein Professor of the Humanities at the department of philosophy at Columbia University in the City of New York.
Honneth's work focuses on social-political and moral philosophy, especially relations of power, recognition, and respect. One of his core arguments is for the priority of intersubjective relationships of recognition in understanding social relations. This includes non- and mis-recognition as a basis of social and interpersonal conflict. For instance, grievances regarding the distribution of goods in society are ultimately struggles for recognition.
His first main work The Critique of Power: Reflective Stages in a Critical Social Theory explores the affinities between the Frankfurt School and Michel Foucault. In his second main work The Struggle for Recognition: Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts, the recognition concept is derived mainly from G.W.F. Hegel's early social philosophical works, but is supplemented by George Herbert Mead's social psychology, Habermas's communicative ethics, and Winnicott's object relation theory. Honneth's critical adaptation of these is the basis of his critical social theory, which attempts to remedy the deficits of previous approaches. In 2003, Honneth co-authored Recognition or Redistribution? with feminist philosopher Nancy Fraser, who criticizes the priority of ethical categories such as recognition over structural social-political categories such as redistribution in Honneth's thought. His recent work Reification reformulates this key "Western Marxist" concept in terms of intersubjective relations of recognition and power. For Honneth, all forms of reification are due to intersubjectively based pathologies rather than the structural character of social systems such as capitalism as argued by Karl Marx and György Lukács.
Works translated into English
- Social Action and Human Nature, co-authored with Hans Joas (Cambridge University Press, 1988).
- The Critique of Power: Reflective Stages in a Critical Social Theory (MIT Press, 1993).
- The Fragmented World of the Social: Essays in Social and Political Philosophy (SUNY Press, 1995).
- The Struggle for Recognition: The Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts (Polity Press, 1996).
- Redistribution or Recognition?: A Political-Philosophical Exchange, co-authored with Nancy Fraser (Verso, 2003).
- Reification: A Recognition-Theoretical View (Oxford University Press, 2007).
- Disrespect: The Normative Foundations of Critical Theory (Polity Press, 2007).
- Pathologies of Reason: On the Legacy of Critical Theory (2009).
- The Pathologies of Individual Freedom: Hegel's Social Theory (2010).
- The I in We: Studies in the Theory of Recognition (2012).
- Bert van den Brink and David Owen, Recognition and Power: Axel Honneth and the Tradition of Critical Social Theory (Cambridge University Press, 2007).
- Deranty, Jean-Philippe, Beyond Communication: A Critical Study of Axel Honneth's Social Philosophy (Brill, 2009).
- Iser, Matthias, Emporung und Fortschritt. Grundlagen einer Kritischen Theorie der Gesellschaft (Campus, 2008).
- Schmidt-am-Busch, Hans-Christoph and Zurn, Christopher (eds), The Philosophy of Recognition. Historical and Contemporary Perspectives (Lexington Books, 2009)
- Thompson, Simon, The Political Theory of Recognition. A Critical Introduction (Polity, 2006).
- Huttunen, Rauno, Habermas, Honneth and Education (Lambert Academic Publishing 2009).
- For a libertarian liberal critique of his ideas regarding recognition see: Perez, Nahshon (2012). "The Internal Contradictions of Recognition Theory." Libertarian Papers. 4 (1): 27-56.http://libertarianpapers.org/articles/2012/lp-4-1-2.pdf
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