Auguste Chouteau bigraphy, stories - Founders

Auguste Chouteau : biography

September 7, 1749 - February 24, 1829

René Auguste Chouteau (September 7, 1749, or September 26, 1750, in New Orleans, LouisianaChristian, 30. According to Shirley Christian, Chouteau's parents "baptized a son, whose named was listed only as Rene, on September 9, 1749. There is confusion as to whether this son was Auguste Chouteau or whether the first son died and a second son, Auguste, was born a year later. ... Auguste Chouteau's birth date is listed in family records as September 26, 1750, but no baptismal record has been uncovered." – February 24, 1825, in St. Louis, MissouriBeckwith, 8.), also known as Auguste Chouteau, was founder of St. Louis, Missouri, a successful fur trader and a politician. He and his partner had a monopoly for many years of fur trade with the large Osage tribe on the Missouri River. In addition, he had numerous business interests in St. Louis and was well-connected with the various rulers: French, Spanish and American.

Settlement of St. Louis

Maxent and Laclede formed a partnership in the early 1760s to build a French trading post on the west bank of the Mississippi River north of the village of Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. They began buying supplies in early 1763, and on July 6, 1763, they obtained the necessary license from the French territorial government to trade with the Native Americans (primarily those living near the Missouri River).Christian, 33. Starting in August 1763, Chouteau, Laclede and some 30 other men traveled upriver from New Orleans to Ste. Genevieve with trade goods.Christian, 34. By November, the group arrived at Ste. Genevieve, but Laclede found that the village did not have adequate storage for his goods.Hoig, 5. As it had been settled near the riverbank on bottomland, Laclede "deemed the location insalubrious" for his business.Stevens, 19. (After repeated flooding, in the 1780s the residents relocated Ste. Genevieve upriver and inland to higher ground.)

The French garrison just across the river at Fort de Chartres agreed to store the goods until the British arrived. (Following the Seven Years' War, the French conceded their territory and installations to the victorious British. The fort was to be turned over to the British according to the Treaty of Paris (1763).Christian, 34 The commandant of Illinois, Pierre-Joseph Neyon de Villiers, suggested French settlers should relocate from the Illinois Country to New Orleans. (He thought it would be under French control, as he did not know of the Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762) to give control of the area west of the Mississippi to the Spanish).Stevens, 20. Because of the postwar upheaval, "instead of just establishing a trading post at the mouth of the Missouri, [Laclede] would create an entire community."Christian, 36. Laclede believed he could convince many French to move to the west bank of the Mississippi at his new settlement.Christian, 38. He planned to store the goods until spring, and then have Chouteau and his team build the trading post at the site they selected in December 1763. As Chouteau wrote, Laclede said, "You will come here as soon as navigation opens, and will cause this place to be cleared, in order to form our settlement after the plan that I shall give you."Chouteau, 4.

In the late winter, Chouteau fitted out a boat and led a party of 30 men across the river, where they landed on February 14, 1764.Christian, 37. Some dispute exists as to whether the party landed on February 14 or March 14, based on a discrepancy in Chouteau's narrative. Most historians ascribe Chouteau's date as an error. The next day, February 15, Chouteau directed the men to start clearing and founded the European city of St. Louis.Christian, 36-7. (It was on a site long occupied by indigenous tribes, as demonstrated by the numerous massive earthwork mounds left from the Mississippian culture of the 9th-12th century.)Stevens, 23.

Laclede was at Fort de Chartres until early April, recruiting French settlers from the east side villages. Because of a large migrating band of Osage, Laclede went to St. Louis to negotiate their departure from the fledgling post.Hoig, 7.Christian, 41 Within months, Laclede had built a home for his common-law wife Marie Therese, who traveled to the outpost from New Orleans, arriving in September 1764. Auguste Chouteau lived here until his death.Stevens, 57. In addition to Auguste, Marie Therese had an additional four children (by Pierre Laclede, but under the surname of Chouteau). Among these four were three girls and a boy, Jean Pierre Chouteau, who later became a partner with Auguste in business and politics.Hoig, 12.

Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine