Arseny Tarkovsky : biography
Arseny Alexandrovich Tarkovsky ( June 12 (June 25) 1907, Elisavetgrad – May 27, 1989, Moscow) was a prominent Soviet poet and translator. He is considered one of the great twentieth century Russian poets. He was also the father of influential film director Andrei Tarkovsky.
Tarkovsky was born on June twenty-fifth N.S. 1907 in Elisavetgrad, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kirovohrad, Ukraine) to the family of a bank clerk, Narodnik, and amateur actorAleksandr Tarkovsky had been a student of the actor and playwright Ivan Karpenko-Kary (:ru:Карпенко-Карый, Иван Карпович) of Polish origin Aleksandr Tarkovsky (Aleksander Tarkowski) and his wife Maria Rachkovskaya.
In 1921, Tarkovsky and his friends published a poem which contained an acrostic about Lenin. They were arrested, and sent to Nikolayev for execution. Tarkovsky was the only one that managed to escape.
By 1924 Tarkovsky moved to Moscow, and from 1924-1925 he worked for a newspaper for railroad workers called "Gudok", where he managed an editorial section written in verse.
In 1925-1929 he studied literature at a university college:ru:Высшие государственные литературные курсы in Moscow. At that time he translated poetry from Turkmen, Georgian, Armenian and Arabic.
During World War II he volunteered as a war-correspondent at the Army Newspaper Boevaya Trevoga (War Alarm). He was wounded in action in 1943. The leg wound he received caused gaseous gangrene, and Tarkovsky had to undergo six gradual amputations.
Arseny Tarkovsky was mainly known as a translator of Abu'l-Ala-Al-Ma'arri, Nizami, Magtymguly, Kemine, Sayat-Nova, Vazha-Pshavela, Adam Mickiewicz, Mollanepes, Grigol Orbeliani and many other poets.
Tarkovsky's first collection of poetry, Before snow, was published in 1962.
He lived mostly in Moscow and Peredelkino and died on May 27, 1989 in Moscow. In 1989 he was posthumously awarded the USSR State Prize.
- Перед снегом - Before snow (1962);
- Земле земное - To Earth Its Own (1966);
- Вестник - Messenger (1969);
- Стихотворения - Poems (1974);
- Зимний день - Winter Day (1980);
- Избранное - Selected works (1982);
- Стихи разных лет - Poems of different years (1983) - compilation of early verse;
- От юности до старости - From Youth to Old Age(1987)
- Благословенный Свет - The Blessed Light (1993 -posthumously).
In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine