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Armand Frappier : biography

November 26, 1904 - December 17, 1991

Armand Frappier, (November 26, 1904 – December 17, 1991) was a physician, microbiologist, and expert on tuberculosis from Quebec, Canada.

Born in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec, the son of Arthur-Alexis Frappier and Bernadette Codebecq, his mother died in 1923 from tuberculosis. This greatly affected him and he pursued a career devoted to fighting this tueuse de maman (mother killer). In 1924, he received a Bachelor of Arts and, in 1930, he received a medical degree from the Université de Montréal. In 1933, he obtained a Bachelor of Science also from the Université de Montréal.

In 1938, he founded the Institut de microbiologie et d’hygiène de Montréal, the first French-language school of hygiene in the world, and served as its director for 38 years. It was renamed Institut Armand-Frappier in 1975.

He was instrumental in the fight against tuberculosis in Canada and as one of the first researchers to confirm the safety and usefulness of the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine.

In 1929, he married Thérèse Ostiguy. They had four children: Lise, Monique, Michèle, and Paul.


  • He was named Officer of the Order of the British Empire by King George VI, upon the recommendation of the Canadian government.
  • In 1969, he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada.
  • In 1985, he was made a Grand Officer of the National Order of Quebec.
  • In 1993, the Quebec government created the Prix Armand-Frappier in his honour, given every year to a scientist in recognition of his or her career.
  • He was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada
  • On January 17, 2000, Canada Post honoured him with a stamp entitled, Armand Frappier: Champion Disease Fighter.
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