Almodis de la Marche bigraphy, stories - French noblewoman

Almodis de la Marche : biography

990 - 1071

  • Raymond IV of Toulouse
  • Hugh, Abbot of Saint-Gilles
  • Almodis of Toulouse, married Count Pierre of Melgueil
  • She was still Pons' wife in April 1053, but shortly thereafter Almodis was abducted by Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona. He kidnapped her from Narbonne with the aid of a fleet sent north by his ally, the Muslim emir of Tortosa. They married immediately (despite the fact both of her previous husbands were still alive) and they appear with their twin sons in a charter the next year. Pope Victor II excommunicated Almodis and Ramon for this illegal marriage until 1056. Together they produced four children:

    • Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona
    • Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona
    • Agnes of Barcelona, married Count Guigues II of Albon
    • Sancha of Barcelona, married Count Guillermo Ramon I of Cerdagne

    Almodis maintained contact with her former husbands and many children, and in 1066/1067 she traveled to Toulouse for her daughter's wedding. A few years before, in 1060, Hugh V of Lusignan had revolted against his lord, Duke William VIII of Aquitaine, in support of Almodis' son William IV of Toulouse. Her sons supported one another in military campaigns; Hugh VI of Lusignan, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and Berenguer Ramon all took the Cross.

    Her third husband Ramon had a son from a previous marriage, Pedro Ramon, who was his heir. Pedro apparently resented Almodis' influence and was concerned she was trying to replace him with her own two sons. He murdered her in October 1071. Pedro was disinherited and exiled for his crime, and fled the country. When his father died in 1076, Barcelona was split between Berenguer Ramon and Ramon Berenguer, Almodis' sons. The family history of murder did not end with Pedro Ramon, as Berenguer Ramon earned his nickname "The Fratricide" when he killed his own twin brother.

    Notes

    Category:House of la Marche Category:Countesses of Toulouse Category:Countesses of Barcelona Category:High Middle Ages Category:People excommunicated by the Roman Catholic Church Category:990 births Category:1020s births Category:1071 deaths Category:Burials at the Cathedral of Santa Eulalia

    Sources

    • Chronicles of the abbey of St. Maixent (pub. 1886 by A. Richard)
    • Reilly, B. F. The Conquest of Christian and Muslim Spain, 1992
    Living octopus

    Living octopus

    In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine