Albert Lamorisse : biography
Albert Lamorisse ( 13 January 1922 – 2 June 1970) was a French filmmaker, film producer, and writer, who is best known for his award winning short films which he began making in the late 1940s, and also for inventing the famous strategic board game Risk in 1957.
Lamorisse was born in Paris, France. He first came into prominence – just after Bim – for directing and producing White Mane (1953), an award winning short film that tells a fable of how a young boy befriends an untamable wild white stallion in the marshes of Camargue (the Petite Camargue).
His best known work is the short film The Red Balloon (1956), which earned him the Palme d’Or Grand Prize at the Cannes Film Festival, and an Oscar for writing the best original screenplay in 1956.
Lamorisse also wrote, directed and produced the well-regarded films Stowaway in the Sky (1960) and Circus Angel, as well as the documentaries Versailles and Paris Jamais Vu. In addition to films, he created the popular strategy board game Risk in 1957. In the mid-sixties Lamorisse shot parts of The Prospect of Iceland, a documentary about Iceland, which was made by Henry Sandoz and commissioned by NATO.
Albert Lamorisse died in a helicopter crash while filming the documentary Le Vent des amoureux (The Lovers’ Wind), during a helicopter-tour of Iran in 1970. As of June 2012 the helicopter is still hanging from the overhead line wires it had crashed into as a memorial for his efforts. His son and his widow completed the film, based on his production notes, and released the film eight years later, in 1978. It was nominated for a posthumous Oscar for best documentary. The name "Lover’s Wind " is translated into "Saba Wind" in Persian. "Saba wind" is a wind coming from the northwest symbolizing lovers message.
Lamorisse and his wife had three children: Pascal, a son, and two daughters named Sabine and Fanny. Pascal and Sabine were featured in The Red Balloon.
- Bim (1950) … aka Bim, le petit âne (France)
- Crin-Blanc (1953) … aka White Mane (USA) and Wild Stallion
- Le Ballon rouge (1956) … aka The Red Balloon
- Le Voyage en ballon (1960); … aka Stowaway in the Sky
- Fifi la plume (1965) … aka Circus Angel (USA: TV title)
- Le Vent des amoureux
- Djerba (1947)
- Versailles (1967)
- Paris jamais vu (1967)
- Le Vent des amoureux (1978) … aka The Lovers’ Wind
- Cannes Film Festival: Palme d’Or, White Mane, Best Short Film, Albert Lamorisse; 1953.
- Prix Jean Vigo: Prix Jean Vigo, White Mane, Short Film, Albert Lamorisse; 1953.
- Prix Louis Delluc: Prix Louis Delluc; The Red Balloon, Albert Lamorisse; 1956.
- Cannes Film Festival: Palme d’Or du court métrage/Golden Palm; The Red Balloon, Best Short Film, Albert Lamorisse; 1956., at the official site of the Festival de Cannes.
- Academy Awards: Oscar; The Red Balloon, Best Writing, Best Original Screenplay, Albert Lamorisse; 1957.
- British Academy of Film and Television Arts: BAFTA Award; The Red Balloon, Special Award, France; 1957.. Winners and nominees lits from 1950 to 1959, at the official site of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.
- Venice Film Festival: OCIC Award; Le Voyage en ballon; 1960.
- Cannes Film Festival: Technical Grand Prize; Fifi la plume, 1965.
- Cannes Film Festival: Technical Grand Prize – Special Mention; Versailles; 1967.
- National Board of Review: Top Foreign Films; The Red Balloon,1957.. Awards for 1957, NBR web site. Last accessed: 2 November 2007.
- British Academy of Film and Television Arts: BAFTA Film Award, White Mane, Best Documentary Film, France; 1954.
- Venice Film Festival: Golden Lion; Le Voyage en ballon; 1960.
- Cannes Film Festival: Golden Palm; Fifi la plume; 1965.
- Cannes Film Festival: Golden Palm; Best Short Film, Versailles; 1967.
- Academy Awards: Oscar; Best Documentary, Features, Le Vent des amoureux; 1979.