Albert Einstein : biography
Albert was born on the 14th of March in 1879 in a family of modest means. His father Herman Einstein was a co-owner of small business of mattress stuffing. Albert’s mother, Paulina Einstein run house and brought up their children. In one year after Albert was born the family moved to Munich where his father started new business of electric equipment sales with his brother Jakob. In that city Albert’s sister Maria was born.
Albert got primary education in Munich Catholic school. Because of that kind of education by the age of twelve Albert became a committed Christian, even his parents thought that he was going to be a priest. But Albert’s passion for popular science books and magazines seriously changed his thinking to skeptic in relation of religious authorities. When the boy was 6 his mother insisted that he should start taking violin lessons. Albert wouldn’t make a professional musician but would retain his love for music through his whole life.
It wouldn’t be true to say that Albert was good at all the subjects at classical school but he was exceptionally acceptive to Latin and maths. Albert was not pleased with the system of education of those days. He was against of mechanical memorizing and used to argue with teachers about that. Those situations naturally caused their displeasure. In 1894 Herman and Jakob Einstein moved their business to Italy, Pavia not far from Milan. So the whole family moved to Italy, except Albert who had to stay in Munich until he ended his 6th year in classical school. Albert moved to Pavia in 1895 without school-leaving certificate. In autumn he went to Zurich in Switzerland where he was going to take entrance examination in Polytechnic school, he wanted to become a teacher of physics.
Albert was brilliant at maths examination but failed at botany and French. The director of polytechnical school advised him to get his school leaving certificate and make one more attempt to enter next year. Albert entered a cantonal school. While learning at school Albert got interested in Maxwell theory and spent much time studying it with great enthusiasm. The following autumn he took his final exams and failed French again. However the school gave him the certificate and in a year he became a student of pedagogical faculty of Zurich Polytechnic School. At that very school he met his future wife Mileva Marich Serbian in origins.
Einstein renounced his German citizenship but he needed to pay tax of 1000 Swiss francs to become a citizen of Switzerland. Unfortunately his family couldn’t afford that and Albert managed to get citizenship only in 5 years after his school entrance, in 1901.
In 1900 Albert Einstein got his diploma and license for teaching maths and physics. Many professors highly appreciated his abilities especially in maths but nobody wanted to help him make his academic career, mostly because of his independent judgments.
Einstein couldn’t find a job during the whole following year, he literally starved. That period of life seriously undermined his health and caused troubles with his liver that would disturb him for his whole life. However that year his first research paper "Conclusions from the Capillarity Phenomena” was published at science journal “Annals of physics”. Former classmate Marcel Grossman helped Albert to get out the disastrous situation. He recommended Albert to Bernese Patent Bureau where Einstein got a place of 3rd class expert. He would work there for the following seven years mostly working at valuation examination of claims received by the bureau. Einstein got not only a regular job and income but also an opportunity to lead his research work in theoretical physics field.
In autumn of 1902 Albert’s father was down with serious illness. Einstein went to Italy to find his father alive but in several days Herman died. In January of the following year Albert Einstein married Mileva Marichand. Two years later “Annals of physics” published three papers of his research work. Those articles are supposed to start revolution in physics.
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