Al Avison : biography
Alfred Avison (July 7, 1920 – December 1984)Social Security Death Index, SS# 040-16-2172. is an American comic book artist known for his work on the Marvel Comics characters Captain America and the Whizzer during the 1930-1940s period known to fans and historians as the Golden Age of comic books.
Early life and career
The son of Connecticut artist and WPA muralist George Avison, at Ask Art – The American Artists Bluebook. . Influenced by the work of his father and of commercial illustrator Albert Dorne, Al Avison studied art at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn. at the Lambiek Comiclopedia. from the original 2009-11-23 His first known comics work is co-inking Jack Kirby’s lead story in Novelty Press’ Blue Bolt Comics #4 (Sept. 1940). at the Grand Comics Database
For Marvel Comics’ predecessor, Timely Comics, penciler Avison and an unknown writer, co-created super-speedster the Whizzer in U.S.A. Comics #1 (August 1941). at the Grand Comics Database The character would appear in most issues of that comic, and was part of Timely/Marvel’s first superhero team, the All-Winners Squad.
After Captain America creators Jack Kirby and Joe Simon moved on following Captain America Comics #10 (Jan. 1942), Avison and Syd Shores became regular pencilers of the celebrated title, with one generally inking over the other. Avison had been the inker over penciler Kirby on Captain America Comics #4-6 (June-Sept. 1941), and had penciled or inked that character’s stories in All Winners Comics as early as issue #3 (Winter 1941-42). Shores would take over as regular penciller, inked by Vince Alascia, while Avison did his World War II military service.Archive of Hewetson, Alan, (interview) Now and Then Times #2, October 1973 .
Avison also worked as a penciler or, more often, as inker on characters including The Vision (in Marvel Mystery Comics); the Blonde Phantom; The Young Allies (in Amazing Comics, Kid Komics and Mystic Comics); the Black Marvel (in All Winners Comics); and Tommy Tyme (in Mystic Comics). With Joe Simon, he was one of two inkers on the Kirby-drawn debut of Marvel Boy in Daring Mystery Comics #6 (Sept. 1940). Avison’s Timely work appears as late as Captain America Comics #71 (March 1949).
Avison additionally worked on the original Captain Marvel for Fawcett Comics in 1941-42. He also freelanced for Harvey Comics both during and after his Timely stint, on such features as "The Red Blazer" (introducing him in Pocket Comics #1, Aug. 1941), "Casper the Friendly Ghost", "Captain Freedom" (including inking Jack Kirby’s cover art on Speed Comics #16 & #18, Jan. & May 1942), "Joe Palooka", "The Green Hornet", "Humphrey", "Little Dot" and "Shock Gibson" (including the cover of Speed Comics #14, Dec. 1941), through at least the early 1950s.
Avison’s last known work is penciling and inking the cover of Harvey’s horror anthology Chamber of Chills #26 (Dec. 1954).
Golden Age reprints
As inker, unless otherwise specified (p) for penciler, or (p)(i) for penciler & inker
- Marvel Super-Heroes #17 (Nov. 1968)
- (p) The All-Winners Squad in "Chapter 1: Menace from the Future World", All Winners Comics #21 (Winter 1946-47)
- Marvel Super-Heroes #18 (Jan. 1969)
- (p) The All-Winners Squad in "Chapter 4: Wave of Destruction", All Winners Comics #21 (Winter 1946)
- The All-Winners Squad in "Chapter 7: War Between the Worlds", All Winners Comics #21 (Winter 1946)
- Comix: A History of the Comic Book in America, by Les Daniels and John Peck (Bonanza Books, 1971; reprinted Random House Value Publishing, 1988; ISBN 0-517-11037-7)