Ahmed Mahamoud Silanyo : biography
Ahmed Mahamoud Silanyo ( ) (born 1936 in Burao) is a Somali politician. He is the President of Somaliland, a self-declared republic that is internationally recognised as an autonomous region of Somalia. Standing as an opposition candidate, Silanyo was elected to office during the region's 2010 presidential election.
Category:1936 births Category:Living people Category:Alumni of the University of Manchester Category:Ethnic Somali people Category:Peace, Unity, and Development Party politicians Category:Presidents of Somaliland Category:Somalian Sunni Muslims
In a professional capacity, between 1965 and 1969, Silanyo served as an official at the Ministry of Planning and Coordination in Mogadishu during Somalia's early civilian administration. He was also the national Minister of Planning and Coordination (1969–1973), the Minister of Commerce (1973–1978 and 1980–1982), and the Chairman of the National Economic Board (1978–1980) in the succeeding socialist government. From 1982 to 1990, Silanyo was the Chairman of the Somali National Movement, serving as that opposition group's longest-serving chairman. Between 1993 to 1997, he was a member of the House of Representatives of Somaliland. He also worked as the Somaliland region's Minister of Finance from 1997 to 1999, in which position he initiated a program of fiscal reform. Between 1999 and 2000, Silanyo served as Somaliland's Minister of Planning and Coordination, a position from which he resigned in 2001.
President of Somaliland
In 2010, Silanyo ran for office in the Somaliland presidential election. As the head of the Kulmiye (Solidarity) party, he won 49.59% of all votes cast, making him the fourth President of Somaliland. The ruling UDUB party of incumbent President Dahir Riyale Kahin managed a total of 33.23% of the votes. Faysal Ali Warabe's For Justice and Development party finished third with 17.18% of votes.
On June 28, 2012, Silanyo signed a cooperation deal in Dubai with Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, President of Somalia's Transitional Federal Government. Referred to as the Dubai Charter, the agreement calls for greater coordination between Somalia's various political units and is part of broader international reconciliation efforts among all Somali parties. The Presidents of the autonomous Puntland and Galmudug regions as well as the UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs also attended the signing.
On April 13, 2013, reconciliation talks between the central government in Mogadishu, now led by the Federal Government, and the regional authorities in Hargeisa resumed. Organized by the government of Turkey in Ankara, the meeting ended with a signed agreement between the new Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and Silanyo agreeing to allocate fairly to the Somaliland region its portion of the development aid earmarked for Somalia as a whole and to cooperate on security.
Silanyo was born in 1936 in the northwestern town of Burao, situated in the former British Somaliland protectorate. He hails from the Habar Jeclo (Tol Ja'lo) sub-clan of the Isaaq.
Between 1946 and 1947, Silanyo studied at boarding schools in Sheekh and Amoud, where he completed his secondary levels.
Upon graduation, he moved to England to pursue higher studies. From 1958 to 1960, Silanyo enrolled in the London University and obtained an advanced General Certificate of Education (GCE). He then studied at the University of Manchester, where he earned both a Bachelor's Degree (1960-63) and a Master's Degree (1963-65) in Economics.
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