Abdullah Gül bigraphy, stories - 11th President of the Republic of Turkey

Abdullah Gül : biography

October 29, 1950 -

Abdullah Gül, GCB ( born 29 October 1950) is the 11th and current President of Turkey, serving in that office since 28 August 2007. He previously served for four months as Prime Minister from 2002 to 2003, and as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2003 to 2007.



Prime Minister Erdoğan announced on 24 April 2007 that Gül would be the Justice and Development Party candidate in the 2007 presidential election. Previously, there had been speculation that Erdoğan himself would be the party's candidate, which had provoked substantial opposition from secularists., Xinhua (People's Daily Online), 24 April 2007., BBC News, 24 April 2007. When a boycott of opposition parties in Parliament deadlocked the election process, Gül formally withdrew his candidacy on 6 May 2007. If elected he would be the first president to have been involved with Islamist parties.

But a few days later, on 11 May 2007 when he inquired after the alterations to the Turkish constitution which now allowed the people to elect the president directly rather than a parliamentary vote, Gül announced that he was still intending to run.

Following the July 2007 parliamentary election, the AK Party renominated Gül as its presidential candidate on August 13; the election was again held as a vote of parliament., Xinhua (People's Daily Online), 13 August 2007. On 14 August, Gül submitted his candidacy application to parliament and expressed his commitment to secularism at a news conference., BBC News, 14 August 2007.

International Herald Tribune


Gül received messages of congratulation from the US, EU and German authorities while Turkish prime minister Tayyip Erdoğan made a statement saying "a structure doomed to uncertainty has been overcome" (an oblique reference to the deep state theory that Turkey is ruled behind-closed-doors by a secret conspiracy of soldiers and bureaucrats).

In September 2008 he became the first Turkish leader to visit Armenia, sparking a major debate in Turkey.

In November 2011, President Gül led a state visit to the United Kingdom as a guest of Queen Elizabeth II.British Monarchy website http://www.royal.gov.uk/LatestNewsandDiary/StateVisitprogrammes/2011/TurkishStateVisit22to24November2011.aspx The President met political and business leaders, visited the Olympic Park and was guest of honour at a state banquet at Buckingham Palace.


Awards and Decorations

  • Collar of Abdulaziz al Saud (2007)
    Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Civil Division of the Order of the Bath (GCB, May 2008)
    Necklace of Independence
    Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry (GColIH, May 2009)
    Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, (November 2009)
    Collar of the Order of Mubarak the Great (December 2009)
    President Abdullah Gül has been voted the winner of the Chatham House Prize 2010 (March 2010)
    National Decoration, (March 2010)
    Nishan-e-Pakistan (March 2010)
    Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary, (November 2011)
    Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion (April 2012) of President receiving the Order. His wife has The Order of the Crown
    Order of the Golden Eagle (October 2012)
    Knight of the Order of the Seraphim (RSerafO, March 2013) (French), State visit of Turkey in Sweden, Gala dinner, March 2013
    Order of the "Star of the President" (May, 2013)

Honorary Degrees

  • Burgas Free University, (2003)
  • Exeter University, (2005)
  • Baku State University, (2007)
  • Dimitrie Cantemir Christian University,(2008)
  • Kazan State University, (2009)
  • Kyrgyz National University,(2009)
  • Xinjiang University,(2009)
  • Northwest University (2009)
  • Amity University, (2010)
  • University of Dhaka, (2010)
  • Quaid-i-Azam University, (2010)
  • Hankuk University,(2010)
  • University of Indonesia, (2011)
  • Turkmen State Institute of Economics and Management, (2013)
Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine