Abderrahmane Youssoufi : biography
Abderrahmane Youssoufi ( ) (born 8 March 1924) is a Moroccan politician who served as the Prime Minister of Morocco from 1998 to 2002. He was a human rights lawyer.
In 1999 he was one of the two winners of the North-South Prize.
Early life and education
Born in Tangier, Abderrahmane Youssoufi was a socialist from a young age, dedicating himself to organizing the working class of Casablanca as early as 1944. In 1949, Youssoufi began also to fight for the rights of emigrant Moroccan workers in France. He also studied law, practicing in Tangier from 1952 to 1960.
In 1959, Youssoufi joined the National Union of Popular Forces, a left-wing political party. He was arrested for his involvement in 1959, and again in 1963, the latter arrest leading to a prison sentence of two years. Following his release, Youssoufi went into self-imposed exile in Paris for a period of fifteen years. Later, he returned to Morocco.
Meanwhile, the National Union of Popular Forces became the Socialist Union of Popular Forces. In 1980, Youssoufi returned to join the new party, becoming the party secretary in 1992 after the death of Bouabid.
On 4 February 1998, King Hassan II named Youssoufi the Prime Minister of Morocco, a post he held until October 2002. He formed a left-center government. His government provided greater freedoms for the people and media. In 2003, Youssoufi announced his retirement from politics. He began to live in Casablanca after his retirement.
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